African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4156

Full Length Research Paper

The multidimensional impacts of external price shocks on macroeconomic variables: Malaysian experiences from recession to economic instability

Abdul Hamid Jaafar1, Abul Quasem Al-Amin2*, Mohammad Nurul Azam2, Mohammad Nurul Huda Mazumder3, Fatimah Kari2 and Mahbuba Yeasmin4
1National University of Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor DE, Malaysia. 2Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 3Faculty of Management, Multimedia University, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia. 4Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 February 2011
  •  Published: 30 September 2013


The 2008 to 2009 global external price shocks on foods and oil exerted worldwide impacts on production, expenditure pattern, trade, welfare, internal resource allocation and ultimate impacts diverted to global recession; Malaysia is not an exception. Centering the world’s (2008 to 2009) oil and food price catastrophe, here we investigate Malaysian experiences from recession to economic instability. An applied computable general equilibrium model is utilized in our study to simulate the Malaysian economic impacts by three scenarios. First is food import price increase by 20% (Scenario 1), second is the oil price catastrophe by 40% (Scenario 2) and finally a scenario that combines Scenarios 1 and 2 simultaneously (Scenario 3). Our results depict the multidimensional impacts on major macroeconomic indicators from recession to economic instability. Our results indicate that, price catastrophe either in Scenario 1 or 2, or in Scenario 3, depress overall Malaysian domestic outputs and exports. Reduced output also reduces employment, thus causing a fall in household’s income. Overall imports also decreased by 0.2, 1.5, and 1.7% respectively, in all scenarios that specify consumers can afford less quantity of both domestic and imported goods; is the clear indication of recession and economic instability. Our study can be a message to policy makers, who are considering recession and trade policy together.


Key words: Computable general equilibrium, external shocks, economy wide impacts.