African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4131

Full Length Research Paper

The role of need for achievement in self-leadership: Differential associations with hope for success and fear of failure

Marco R. Furtner* and John F. Rauthmann
Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck, Austria.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 25 May 2011
  •  Published: 30 September 2013


Self-leadership and need for achievement show conceptual convergences as both constructs have been found to be phenotypically associated with heightened levels of performance (Neck and Manz, 1992; Spangler, 1992). We thus aimed to clarify how both are interrelated with their respective subfacets in three studies (N = 185, N = 228, N = 374) and found that (a) self-leadership and need for achievement tap different domains, (b) self-leadership is differentially associated with hope for success versus fear of failure, and (c) concurrent live contexts may play a role in associations. Specifically, most self-leadership facets are related to hope for success, but self-punishment and natural reward strategies are positively and negatively related to fear of failure, respectively. Limitations and future research possibilities are discussed.


Key words: Self-leadership, need for achievement, achievement motivation, hope for success, fear of failure.