Detecting firms with going-concern risk is precisely critical to all financial professionals. The analytical features included three aspects: the industry domain, the corporate governance characteristics, and the financial performance. An enhanced two-step analytical approach was developed in this study. First, the multivariate analysis (MA) applied to explore influential factors affected the uncertain behaviors of a firm. Secondly, with the prioritized significant factors identified in MA model, the classification and regression tree (CART) technique was adopted to generate decision tree. There were nine significant factors: size of the board of directors, percentage of independent directors, ratio of shares pledged, family-owned type, ratio of cash right deviation, hiring Big 4 CPA firms, earnings per share, debt ratio, and return on assets. These practical finding provides comprehensive understandings of the behaviors of the firms with C-G risks. Weighing from the decision tree modeling, the testing results showed 87.5% successful rate which demonstrated itself as an effective and analytical tool and will suffice the practical needs for detecting firms with going-concern risk.
Key words: Going-concern, industry affiliation, corporate governance, financial performance, multivariate analysis, classification and regression tree (CART), decision tree.
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