The purpose of this paper is to extend the understanding of Intellectual Capital (IC) in the context of Italian listed firms. In this study, the Valued Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC) is employed as a measure of IC to investigate the relationship between IC, firms’ financial performance and market value. The empirical investigation is developed by using data drawn from a sample of 135 Italian listed companies for the period from 2008 to 2017 and performing different Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression models. The findings suggest that, when taken in its aggregated form, IC exerts a positive impact on firms’ financial performance measured as firms’ profitability and growth in revenues as well as on market value. However, when considering its components, only Human Capital efficiency shows a positive effect on firms’ financial performance while Structural Capital efficiency and Capital Employed efficiency exhibit a negative effect. Astonishingly, each of the individual IC components negatively influences firms’ market value.
Key words: Intellectual capital, intangible assets, valued added intellectual coefficient (VAIC), Italian listed firms, market value, financial performance.
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