African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4156

Full Length Research Paper

Motivation in Islam: Intertwine loop model

Ali Naghi Amiri2, Amir Hamzaeh Mehrabi1 and Gholamreza Jandaghi2*
  1Ph.D. Faculty, Shahid Mahalti High Education Institute, Iran. 2Ph. D. Faculty, Tehran University- Qom College, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 May 2011
  •  Published: 14 December 2011



This article presents the ideas of scholars about factors of motivation, and then introduces motivation theory in Islam under the title of "the intertwine loops model". This model has been derived from Imam Ali's words, in which human beings, according to their actions and worships, are categorized in three classes including traders, slaves and nobles. Combination of these three classes’ makes seven types of personalities which are affected by the environmental and internal factors and therefore, change their states in different times. Flexibility, intertwine loops instead of hierarchy, emphasis on human intention, accepting human complexity and having chaotic behavior, comprehensiveness and inclusion are some characteristics of this model. Generalizing of this anecdote to managerial issues, feasibility study of grading factors, levels of model applications and clarification of model characteristics according to the main concepts of chaos theory, have been argued briefly.


Key word: Motivation, intention, worship, chaos, butterfly effect, dynamic adaptation, stranger attraction.