African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4094


Prevalence, antecedents, and effects of workplace bullying: A review

Mariya Razzaghian and Attaullah Shah*
Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 06 November 2011
  •  Published: 30 December 2011



Workplace bullying represents persistent behaviors that are both overt and covert. There is an increasing need for understanding this construct for the reason that it is directly linked to bringing the victim to a state of long lasting emotional distress. Alarmingly, such aggression usually is invisible and difficult to identify. This provides a rationale for elucidating the concept of bullying in the workplace at length through an extensive review of the existing literature. Various facets of workplace bullying have been highlighted in this paper in order to show its detrimental effects on the health of targets working in any occupational or organizational setting. Drawing on well-established theories and findings of various researchers, the concept of workplace bullying is systematically linked with how it can evolve into mental health problems. In addition, few hypotheses are also presented for future research purpose.


Key words: Workplace bullying, aggression, interpersonal conflict, health issues, post traumatic stress disorder.