Governments play a basic role in making policies, programs and instruments that support the development of micro, small and medium enterprises in both developed and developing countries. This paper intends to pinpoint the influencing factors in Technology Business Incubator’s effectiveness and their explanatory model. Therefore, among 56 Technology Business Incubators in Iran, 32 active incubators were selected and by stratified random sampling, 528 start-ups were chosen. The validity of research questionnaires was determines by expert consensus, item analysis and factor analysis; and their reliability calculated by Cronbachs' alpha. Data analysis was then made through statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) and linear structural relations (LISREL) soft wares. Both organizational procedures and entrepreneurial behaviors were the meaningful mediators. Organizational procedures with (P < 0.01, β =0.46) was stronger mediator for the improvement of Technology Business Incubator's effectiveness comparing to entrepreneurial behavior with (P < 0.01, β =0.36).
Key words: Technology, incubators, effectiveness, explanatory model, university.
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