African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4171

Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of credit rationing to the private sector in Ghana

Anthony K. Ahiawodzi
  • Anthony K. Ahiawodzi
  • Institute of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Frank Gyimah Sackey
  • Frank Gyimah Sackey
  • Catholic University College of Ghana, Fiapre, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 05 October 2013
  •  Published: 14 October 2013


This study is designed to investigate the rationing behavior of some Commercial banks in Ghana, by looking at the effect of chosen variables on the amount of loan realized even in the era of interest rate liberalization. A single equation model involving a categorical random dependent variable, being the amount of loan realized and security value, interest rate, the value of assets, the value of collateral security, net profits, experience in business, sex, age and purpose as the exogenous variables. The exogenous variables are jointly significant in explaining the dependent variable. The results suggest that even though interest rates may be liberalized as a way of ensuring credit allocation, the Commercial Banks would still ration out credit. This is due to the fact that other factors mentioned above are of much importance in determining credit allocation due to the existence of moral hazards and adverse selection. It is therefore suggested, that there is the need for the government to play an active role in the financial sector and the banks to intensify their monitoring systems of minimizing default rate rather than using their traditional methods  (such as interest rate and son on)  of credit ratings.

Key words: Credit rationing, private sector, Ghana.