The main purpose of sharing knowledge is to provide the necessary ground for realization of knowledge management, and then, a transformation of organization knowledge into an effective organizational source. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of individual and organizational technical and cultural factors affecting knowledge sharing among physicians of BUMS, in 2017. This is a descriptive-analytical survey where a self-administered questionnaire is used as a research tool. The research population is constituted of 30 general practitioners, 124 specialists and sub-specialist, and 30 fellowships. Sampling is performed by proportional stratified random method. The results are analyzed SPSS software, version 19. The findings of this study indicated that, in respective order, individual factors, with mean value of 3.54, and cultural factors, with mean value of 3.47, have the highest and lowest effect on knowledge sharing of physicians of BUMS in 2017. In the meanwhile, credit gain index in the organization with mean value of 3.88, and the loss of individual power with mean value of 2.88 have the highest and the lowest impact on knowledge sharing of this group, respectively. According to the findings of this study and positive attitude of physicians of BUMS toward knowledge sharing and its role in obtaining academic authority, it is worthwhile for health and medical educators to pay more attention to this issue and ask medical informants and librarians’ help to promote knowledge sharing. This article assessed the role of knowledge sharing among BUMS’ physicians which is based on their viewpoints and the role of medical informants in 2017, whose data have been collected using a quantitative and descriptive-analytic method.
Key words: Medical informants, knowledge sharing, knowledge management, cultural factors, academic authority, BUMS.