African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4164

Full Length Research Paper

Multi-dimensional leadership orientation and lecturers' work commitment: A mediating effect in leadership effectiveness among Malaysian polytechnic’s heads of department

Mohammed Sani Ibrahim
Faculty of Education, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 June 2011
  •  Published: 30 September 2011


The purpose of this study was to determine if Malaysian polytechnic’s heads of department multi-dimensional leadership orientation effects the lecturer work commitment, and a mediating effects in leadership effectiveness as perceived by the lecturers. The department heads leadership orientation was determined by the structural, human resource, political, cultural, and educational frame used based on Bolman and Deal’s leadership frame and Sergiovanni’s Leadership model. A total of 841 lecturers and 76 department heads from 24 polytechnics participated in this study.Hierarchical Linear Modeling was used to determine the department head’s multi-dimensional leadership effect on lecturers work commitment. The study proves that polytechnic’s heads of department practiced multi-dimensional leadership, with human resource frame as the predominant frame. There is a significant relationship between human resource and cultural frames and lecturers work commitment. The department head’s leadership effectiveness as perceived by the lecturers mediates the relationship between department head’s multi-dimensional leadership and lecturers work commitment.


Key words: Multi-dimensional leadership, leadership effectiveness, work commitment, hierarchical linear modeling.