African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4138

Article in Press

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR EXPORT TRADE FACILITATION PRACTICES IN ETHIOPIA

Ousman Mohammed Yimam

  •  Received: 16 January 2019
  •  Accepted: 04 May 2020
The purpose of the study is to assess the export sector related challenges and opportunities in the current trade facilitation practices of Ethiopia. Both quantitative and qualitative research approach was implemented. Besides, a descriptive research design was used for this study through primary data collection methods. Respondents have selected using Proportional, simple random, and purposive sampling techniques. Both closed ended questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were developed. Descriptive analysis was employed to analyze the data collected through questionnaire and qualitative analysis (content based) was employed to analyze the interview results. The findings of this study confirm that, the current Ethiopian trade facilitation practice has good governance system and fees and charges required to process export related documents are found insignificant. On the opposite side, it found that, there is in shortage of adequate export related information and published materials, document requirements are difficult to process and traditional (paper based), and there is weak internal cooperation between the business community and the facilitating government institutions which in turn makes (1) processing and collecting of export related documents very challenging and bureaucratic that takes long time to clear an export item and (2) export related regulations and procedures volatile, complex, unintelligible, and difficult to implement. In addition, they are not effectively using those ample opportunities created in the country due to the problem of information gap, lack of effective knowledge, lack of effective follow-ups and some rent seeking behaviors. To this end, the researcher has recommended two basic ways to come up with the solutions for upper mentioned problems: (1) establishing one separate export facilitating institution and (2) developing an electronic single window system.

Keywords: Trade Facilitation, Trade facilitation Indicators, Export