African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4137

Review

Investigating the challenges that the cross-border women traders face in Malawi: The Limbe Town women traders of Southern Malawi

Nelson Nanteleza Ndala
  • Nelson Nanteleza Ndala
  • School of Commerce, Malawi College of Accountancy, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Francis Moto Jnr.
  • Francis Moto Jnr.
  • School of Commerce, Malawi College of Accountancy, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 April 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 May 2019
  •  Published: 28 June 2019

References

Ackah J, Vulvor S (2011). The challenges faced by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in obtaining Credit in Ghana. Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management, Sweden. Available at: 

View

 

Africa Regional Empowerment and Accountability Programme (2015). Empowerment matters: The process of surfacing the perspectives of women cross border traders in Southern Africa. Available at: 

View

 
 

Aryeetey EA (1994). Small Enterprise Finance under Liberalization in Ghana. Available at: 

View

 
 

Blumberg RL, Malaba J, Meyers L (2016). Contributions, Constraints, and Opportunities. The United States Agency for International Development. Available at: 

View

 
 

Carter C (2000). Gender and Enterprise, London: Academic Press.

 
 

COMESA Annual Report (2012) Enhancing Intra-COMESA Trade through Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Development.

 
 

Cook P, Nixson F (2000). Finance and small and medium-sized enterprise development. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester.

 
 

Dalitso K, Peter Q (2000). The policy environment for promoting small and medium-sized enterprises in Ghana and Malawi. University of Manchester.

 
 

Fleisig H, Safavian M, De la Peña N (2006). Reforming collateral laws to expand access to finance. The World Bank.
Crossref

 
 

Gockel AF, Akoena SK (2002). Financial Intermediation for the Poor: Credit Demand by Micro Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Ghana: a Further Assignment for Financial Sector Policy?. ILO.

 
 

Hettne B, Söderbaum F (2000). Theorising the rise of regionness. New Political Economy 5(3):457-472.
Crossref

 
 

International Labour Office (1991). The dilemma of the informal sector : report of the Director-General. Part 1. Available at: 

View

 
 

Jackson S (1996). Gender, Sexuality and Heterosexuality, Feminist Theory, 7(1), 105-121
Crossref

 
 

Justice NE (2010). Cross Border Testimonies, Cape Town.

 
 

Kihimbo BW, Ayako BA, Omoka KW (2012). Collateral requirements for financing of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Kakamega Municipality, Kenya. International Journal of Current Research 4(6):21-26.

 
 

Kongolo M (2010). Job creation versus job shedding and the role of SMEs in economic development. African Journal of Business Management 4(11):2288-2295.

 
 

Kunateh MA (2009). Demand for collateral security by Financial Institutions stifles growth of SMEs.

 
 

Lall S (2001). Competitiveness, technology and skills. Books.
Crossref

 
 

Makombe PF (2011). Informal Cross-Border Trade and SADC: The Search for Greater Recognition. Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa. pp. 44-49.

 
 

MSME (2012). FinScope MSME Survey Malawi 2012. Available at: 

View

 
 

Network Economic Justice (2010). Informal Cross Border Trade, Cape Town: Economic Justice Network.

 
 

Njikam O (2011). Women in informal cross-border trade: Evidence from the Central Africa Region. African Journal of Business Management 5(12):4835-4846.

 
 

Nonso N (2013). Creating Jobs through SMEs. Business Daily.

 
 

Nyoni S (2002). Small, micro & medium enterprises (SMMEs), policy & strategy framework. Government Printers, Harare.

 
 

Olawale F, Garwe D (2010). Obstacles to the growth of new SMEs in South Africa: A principal component analysis approach. African Journal of Business Management 4(5):729-738.

 
 

Peberdy S (2000). Mobile entrepreneurship: Informal sector cross-border trade and street trade in South Africa. Development Southern Africa. 17(2):201-219.
Crossref

 
 

Peberdy S, Rogerson C (2000). Transnationalism and non-South African entrepreneurs in South Africa's small, medium and micro-enterprise (SMME) economy. Canadian Journal of African Studies/The Canadian Journal of African Studies 34(1):20-40.
Crossref

 
 

Schreyer P (1996). SMEs and employment creation.

 
 

Schultz P (2002). Environmental attitudes and behaviors across cultures. Online readings in psychology and culture 8(1):4. Available at: 

View
Crossref

 
 

UNCTAD (2006). United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, New York and Geneva: United Nations Publication. Available at: 

View

 
 

UNCTAD (2010). BORDERLINE: Women in informal cross-border trade in Malawi, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia.

 
 

UNCTAD/TDR (2006). United Nations Conference On Trade And Development, New York And Geneva: United Nations Publication. Available at: 

View

 
 

UNIFEM Annual Report (2008) View [Accessed on 24-02-2019]

 
 

UNIFEM Annual Report (2008). Annual Report 2007-2008. Available at: 

View

 
 

USAID (2017). Women Informal Cross-Border Traders in Southern Africa, New York: USAID. Available at: 

View