African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4137

Full Length Research Paper

Strategic management in retail pharmacy: The case of Zimbabwean companies

Amon Simba
  • Amon Simba
  • Nottingham Business School, Division of Management, Nottingham Trent University United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar
Zivanayi Nyandoro
  • Zivanayi Nyandoro
  • Nottingham Business School, Division of Management, Nottingham Trent University United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 16 January 2016
  •  Accepted: 18 March 2016
  •  Published: 14 May 2016

References

Al-Shaikh FN (2001). Strategic planning process in developing countries: The case of United Arab Emirates business firms. Manage. Res. News 24(12):7-16.
Crossref

 

Anderson AR, Atkins MH (2001). Business strategies for entrepreneurial small firms. Strategic Change 10(6):311-324.
Crossref

 
 

Adner R, Helfat, CE (2003). Corporate effects of dynamic managerial capabilities, Strat. Manage. J. 24:1011-1025
Crossref

 
 

Ansoff IH, Sullivan PA (1993). Optimizing profitability in turbulent environments: A formula for strategic success. Long Range Plan. 26(5):11-23.
Crossref

 
 

Barney JB (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. J. Manage. 17(1):99-120
Crossref

 
 

Bellamy C, Perri 6. (2009). Principles of Research Design: A Guide to Methodology in Social Science, Sage Publications Inc., London.

 
 

Burns P (2012). Entrepreneurship and Small Business: Start-up, Growth and Maturity, 3rd Edition, Palgrave MacMillan.

 
 

CIA World Fact book. (2012). Zimbabwe Economy 2012. Available at: View

View.

 
 

Collier D, Mahon JE (1993). Conceptual "Stretching" Revisited: Adapting Categories in Comparative Analysis. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 87(04):845-855.
Crossref

 
 

Companys YE, McMullen JS (2007). Strategic entrepreneurs at work: the nature, discovery, and exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities. Small Bus. Econ. 28(4):301-322.
Crossref

 
 

Creswell JW (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches, 4th Edition, International Student Edition, Thousand Oaks: California

 
 

De Wit B, Meyer R (2014). Strategy: An International Perspective, 5th Edition, Cengage Learning, EMEA.

 
 

Dixit A (1992). Investment and hysteresis. J. Econ. Perspect. pp. 107-132.
Crossref

 
 

Deloitte, Touché (2013). Doing business in Zimbabwe: The jewel of Africa, Deloitte Studio, Johannesburg, (801321/chr). Available at: View.

 
 

Desai AB (2000). Does strategic planning create value? The stock market's belief, Manage. Decis. 38(10):685-693.
Crossref

 
 

Dess GG, Lumpkin GT, Covin JG (1997). Entrepreneurial Strategy Making and Firm Performance: Tests of Contingency and Configurational Models. Strat. Manage. J. 18(9):677-695.
Crossref

 
 

Eisenhardt KM, Sull DN (2001). Strategy as simple rules. Harvard Bus. Rev. 79(1):107-116.

 
 

Field A (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics. 4th Edition, SAGE Publication, Thousand Oaks: California.

 
 

Fraser DL, Stupak RJ (2002). A synthesis of the strategic planning process with the principles of learning, leading and linking. Int. J. Public Adm. 25(9):1199-1220.
Crossref

 
 

Gerring J (2001). Social science methodology: A criterial framework. Cambridge University Press.
Crossref

 
 

Glaser B, Strauss A (1967). The discovery of grounded theory. Weidenfield and Nicolson, London.

 
 

Gleick J (1987). Chaos: Making a New Science (Viking Press, New York, NY).

 
 

Goncalves H (2009). Proposal of a strategy model planning aligned to the balanced scorecard and the quality environments. TQM J. 21(5):462-472.
Crossref

 
 

Gunther MR, Nerkar A (2004). Real options reasoning and a new look at the R&D investment strategies of pharmaceutical firms. Strat. Manage. J. 25(1):1-21.
Crossref

 
 

Hamel G, Prahalad CK (1995). Thinking differently. Bus. Quart. 59(4):22-35.

 
 

Hamel G (1996). Strategy as revolution. Harvard Bus. Rev. pp. 69-71.

 
 

Hamel G, Prahalad CK (1989). To revitalize corporate performance, we need a whole new model of strategy. Harvard Bus. Rev. 67(3):63.

 
 

Hamel G (2000). Leading the Revolution. Harvard Business School Press: Boston, MA.

 
 

Hart SL (1992). An integrative framework for strategy-making processes. Acad. Manage. Rev. 17(2):327-351.

 
 

Hitt MA, Ireland RD, Camp SM, Sexton DL (2001). Strategic entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial strategies for wealth creation. Strat. Manage. J. 22(6):479-492.
Crossref

 
 

Hitt MA, Ireland RD, Sirmon DG, Trahms CA (2011). Strategic entrepreneurship: creating value for individuals, organizations, and society. The Acad. Manage. Perspect. 25(2):57-75.
Crossref

 
 

Ireland RD, Hitt MA, Sirmon DG (2003). Strategic entrepreneurship: The construct and its dimensions. J. Manage. 29(6):963-989.
Crossref

 
 

Johnson G, Scholes K, Whittington R (2006). Exploring Corporate Strategy: text and cases, 6th Edition, Prentice Hall

 
 

Johnson G, Scholes K, Whittington R (2008). Exploring Corporate Strategy: text and cases, 7th Edition, Prentice Hall.

 
 

Katila R, Chen EL, Piezunka H (2012). All the right moves: How entrepreneurial firms compete effectively. Strat. Entrepr. J. 6(2):116-132.
Crossref

 
 

Knight FH (1921). Risk, uncertainty and profit. Washington, DC: Beard Books.

 
 

Kirzner IM (1973). Competition and entrepreneurship. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 
 

Kraus S, Reiche BS, Reschke CH (2007). Implications of strategic planning in SMES for international entrepreneurship research and practice (Published in M. Terziovski (Ed.), Energizing Management through Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Euro. Res. Pract. pp. 110-127.

 
 

Kogut B, Kulatilaka N (1994). Operating flexibility, global manufacturing, and the option value of a multinational network. Manage. Sci. 40(1):123-139.
Crossref

 
 

Kuratko DF, Audretsch DB (2009). Strategic entrepreneurship: exploring different perspectives of an emerging concept. Entrepr. Theor. Pract. 33(1):1-17.
Crossref

 
 

Kuratko DF (2014). Entrepreneurship: Theory, Process, Practice, 9th Edition, Cengage/South-western Publishers.

 
 

Larsen P, Tonge R, Ito M (1998). The strategic planning process in growing companies. J. Gen. Manage. 24(1):53-68.

 
 

Lewis P, Saunders M (2012). Doing research in business and management: An essential guide to planning your project. Financial Times/Prentice Hall.

 
 

Lumpkin GT, Dess GG (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Acad. Manage. Rev. 21(1):135-172.

 
 

Markides CC (1999). A dynamic view of strategy. Sloan Manage. Rev. 40(3):55-63.

 
 

Mason RB (2007). The external environment's effect on management and strategy: a complexity theory approach. Manage. Decis. 45(1):10-28.
Crossref

 
 

Mazzarol T, Rebound S, Soutar GN (2009). Strategic planning in growth oriented small firms. Int. J. Entrepr. Behav. Res. 15(4):320-345.
Crossref

 
 

Mills J, Birks M (2014). Qualitative Methodology: A practical guide. SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks: California.

 
 

Miller D (1983). The correlates of entrepreneurship in three types of firms. Manage. Sci. 29(7):770-791.
Crossref

 
 

Miles MB, Huberman AM (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. 2nd Edition, SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks: London.

 
 

Mintzberg H (1994). 'The fall and rise of strategic planning', Harvard Business Review, January-February 1994. pp. 107-114.

 
 

Mintzberg H (1987). Crafting strategy, Harvard Business School Press.

 
 

Mintzberg H, Waters JA (1985). Of strategies, deliberate and emergent. Strat. Manage. J. 6(3):257-272.
Crossref

 
 

Morris MH, Kuratko DF, Covin JG (2008). Corporate Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Entrepreneurial Development within Organizations, 2nd Edition' Thomson South-Western.

 
 

Mosakowski E (1998). Entrepreneurial resources, organizational choices, and competitive outcomes. Organ. Sci. 9(6):625-643.
Crossref

 
 

Mullins LJ (2013). Management and Organisational Behaviour, 10th Edition, Pearson Education Ltd, Essex: London

 
 

Mullins LJ (2005). Management and Organisational Behaviour, 7th Edition, Pearson Education Ltd, Essex: London.

 
 

Normann R, Ramirez R (1993). From Value Chain to Value Constellation: Designing interactive strategy. Harvard Bus. Rev. pp. 65-77

 
 

Penrose E (1959). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 
 

Picken JC, Dess GG (1996). The Seven Traps of Strategic Planning November 1996. Inc.: pp. 99-103.

 
 

Piercy NF (2002). Research in marketing: teasing with trivia or risking relevance? Eur. J. Market. 36(3):350-363.
Crossref

 
 

Prahalad CK, Hamel G (1989). "Strategic intent", Harvard Bus. Rev. pp. 63-76

 
 

Romer P (2007). 'Economic Growth', in David R. Henderson (ed.) Fortune Encyclopaedia of Economics. New York: Time Warner Books. 

 
 

Sandada M, Pooe D, Dhurup M (2014). Strategic planning and its relationship with business performance among small and medium enterprises in South Africa, Int. Bus. Econ. Res. J. 13(3):659-670

 
 

Santos FM, Eisenhardt KM (2009). Constructing markets and shaping boundaries: Entrepreneurial power in nascent fields. Acad. Manage. J. 52(4):643-671.
Crossref

 
 

Sarasvathy SD (2001). Effectual reasoning in Entrepreneurial decision making: Existence and Bounds. Acad. Manage. Proc. (1):D1-D6).

 
 

Scarborough NM (2014). Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management (7th ed.), Pearson Education, Inc.: Upper Saddle River, NJ.

 
 

Shane S (2000). Prior knowledge and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities. Organ. Sci. 11(4):448-469.
Crossref

 
 

Shane S, Venkataraman S (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Acad. Manage. Rev. 25(1):217-226.
Crossref

 
 

Shumba V (2014). The journey towards productive entrepreneurship: A theoretical review of the entrepreneurial landscape in Zimbabwe. Int. J. Econ. Comm. Manage. 2(7):1-12.
Crossref

 
 

Simba A (2013). 'The role of global R&D networks in generating social capital for born-global bio-tech firms: a multi-case approach,' Int. J. Entrepr. Small Bus. 20(3):342-362.
Crossref

 
 

Smit HT, Trigeorgis L (2004). Quantifying the strategic option value of technology investments. Montreal: 8th Annual International Real Options Theory.

 
 

Singer S, Alpeza M, Balkic M (2009). Corporate Entrepreneurship: is entrepreneurial behaviour possible in a large company. In International Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation PODIM, March, 2009.

 
 

Stacey RD (1995). The science of complexity: An alternative perspective for strategic change processes. Strat. Manage. J. 16(6):477-495.
Crossref

 
 

Teece DJ, Pisano G, Shuen A (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strat. Manage. J. 18(7):509-533.
Crossref

 
 

Thompson JL (1999). A strategic perspective of entrepreneurship. Int. J. Entrepr. Behav. Res. 5(6):279-296.
Crossref

 
 

Wiltbank R, Read S, Dew N, Sarasvathy SD (2009). Prediction and control under uncertainty: Outcomes in angel investing. J. Bus. Vent. 24(2):116-133.
Crossref

 
 

Zahra SA, Covin JG (1995). Contextual influences on the corporate entrepreneurship-performance relationship: A longitudinal analysis. J. Bus. Vent. 10(1):43-58.
Crossref