African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4079

Table of Content: April 2010; 4(4)

April 2010

Macro-Econometric Model of a Developing Economy: A Case Study of Bangladesh

Author(s): Muhammad Mahboob Ali, Ph.d.   

  • Article Number: B2616B921794

April 2010

Perceptions of Power: A Cognitive Perspective of Nationalised Commercial Banks of Bangladesh

Author(s): Nadim Jahangir Ph.d.   

  • Article Number: E07550D21807

April 2010

A comparative study on the effect of telecommunication sector investment on foreign and domestic trade in Pakistan

This paper empirically investigates the effect of telecommunication sector’s investment in trade enhancement by using time series data for the period from 1950 - 1951 to 2006 - 2007. Foreign trade and domestic trade were two dependent variables while investment in telecommunication sector was taken as an independent variable for both situations. By using the regression models in log-linear form we obtained the...

Author(s): Shumaila Hashim and Khair-Uz-Zaman  

  • Article Number: 59544CD21826

April 2010

Employees as customers – An internal marketing study of the Avis car rental group in South Africa

The purpose of the article is to investigate the mutually beneficial nature of establishing long-term relationships with employees as internal customers of the business. The target population for this study was 225 Avis car rental branch managers in South Africa. A total of 155 managers of Avis branches participated through structured, personal interviews in the completion of questionnaires. Data analysis was done by...

Author(s): Mornay Roberts-Lombard  

  • Article Number: 1B289F321856

April 2010

An investigation into the impact of the usage of debt on the profitability of small and medium enterprises in the Buffalo city municipality, South Africa

This study investigated the impact of the usage of debt on the profitability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing sector in the Buffalo City Municipality of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. To achieve this objective, the research hypothesized that the usage of debt has a negative impact on the profitability of SMEs. The research further hypothesized that SMEs have a difficulty in...

Author(s): Fatoki Olawale Olufunso, George Herbst and Mornay Roberts-Lombard  

  • Article Number: 882EB4C21880

April 2010

Corporate social responsibility in times of financial crisis

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of financial crisis on the number and extent of CSR projects. It is presumed that, during a financial crisis, as organizations act more conservatively and defensively (Cheney et al., 1990), they fail to balance the expectations of related parties. Therefore, organizations might choose not to engage in CSR projects. To study this, globally operating companies listed in...

Author(s): Yasemin Zengin Karaibrahimoğlu  

  • Article Number: 53F59C321907

April 2010

Market behavior of patent infringement litigations

In recent years, the tremendous increase in the amount of patent infringement litigation within the information technology industry has incurred substantial damage on the part of patentees, such as the cost of litigation. Corporations have also been seriously affected. By adopting the event study method, this study explores how patent infringement litigation impacted stock prices listed in Taiwan from 1998 to 2008....

Author(s): Yi-Hsien Wang, Kuang-Hsun Shih and Ya-Hui Chuang  

  • Article Number: 4D87C0521937

April 2010

Knowledge transfer mechanisms and the performance of franchise systems: An empirical study

In this study the influence of the mechanism used to transfer knowledge (operating manuals, training, support services provided) on the performance of franchise systems is analysed. For this purpose a multiple linear regression analysis has been carried out on a sample of franchised establishments from different franchise chains and a variety of business sectors, all operating within Spain. The study uses a subjective...

Author(s): Beatriz Minguela-Rata, José Ignacio López-Sánchez and M. Concepción Rodríguez- Benavides  

  • Article Number: FF567E221963

April 2010

The linkage between corporate social performance and corporate financial performance

The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) emerged in the early 20thcentury in the U.S. However, a specific connotation of CSR has not been unified, though the norms and standards related to CSR are developing now. There are more Taiwanese enterprises participating in caring communities, and contributing to the community with specific actions to publicize their CSR related activities. Previous empirical...

Author(s): Fu-Ju Yang, Ching-Wen Lin and Yung-Ning Chang  

  • Article Number: 3292A7821987

April 2010

Modeling and evaluating the strategic effects of improvement programs on manufacturing performance using neural networks

Selecting the most effective improvement programs is the main challenge of business managers to achieve superior operational performances. This paper, in an effort to develop new insights into practice-performance relationships, investigates improvement programs, strategic priorities, environmental factors, manufacturing performance dimensions and their interactions via a data mining approach. The results of...

Author(s): Mehdi Hajirezaie, Seyyed Mohammad Moattar Husseini, Ahmad Abdollahzadeh Barfourosh and Behrooz Karimi      

  • Article Number: 3E85D8322015

April 2010

Turnover intention and job hopping behaviour of music teachers in Malaysia

This study examines the extent to which perceived organizational support, employee exhaustion, job satisfaction, and affective commitment are related to the turnover intention and job hopping behaviour of music teachers. Results from a primary survey of 93 music teachers from private music schools around the Klang Valley in Malaysia showed that they were less likely to leave when they perceive their music schools...

Author(s): Wong Chyi Feng and Tay Angeline    

  • Article Number: 6A2569422046

April 2010

Student recruitment marketing in South Africa– An exploratory study into the adoption of a relationship orientation

Changes in the competitive environment, largely spurred by restrictions in government funding and an increase of educational service providers in the market, have forced higher education instructions to become more proactive in terms of student recruitment. In response, many institutions have turned to corporate principles to run their operation and to recruit their ‘customers’ (that is, the students...

Author(s): Justin Beneke and Gert Human         

  • Article Number: 053C9E422073

April 2010

The relationship between consumer orientation, service value, medical care service quality and patient satisfaction: The case of a medical center in Southern Taiwan

  The competition among hospitals in Taiwan has become more and more intense, especially since National Health Insurance has come into effect. The number of so-called “mega” hospitals is growing while the number of patients is limited. In this competitive environment, hospitals have to carry out their business not only by maintaining the balance between quality and cost, but also by increasing...

Author(s): Wan-I Lee, Cheng-Wu Chen, Tsung-Hao Chen and Chen-Yuan Chen      

  • Article Number: FBAE82522100

April 2010

A preliminary comparative study of rugby and football spectator attitudes towards violence

Rugby and football (soccer) are both international sports, and economic entities in their own right, as evidenced by the growth in attendance and television viewer ship at the respective World Cups. The issue of sport as catharsis, or conversely, as aggression-generating event, has always been controversial. In order to assess the orientation of rugby and football spectators towards violence, 404 spectators were...

Author(s): Andre D. Slabbert and Wilfred I. Ukpere    

  • Article Number: A9370DB22138

April 2010

Rationalism, technological innovations and the supreme mandate in the process of globalisation

  Certain factors were always cited as major forces in the process of globalisation without considering the Supreme Mandate of God to humans to globalise from the beginning of time. A consequence of this recent but aged discovery is that the history of globalisation is as old as human existence. For analytical convenience, two notable drivers namely, rationalism and technological innovation, were weighed with...

Author(s): Wilfred I. Ukpere    

  • Article Number: 4E4DB6D22168

April 2010

Effects of corporate social responsibility on consumer retention in the cellular industry of Pakistan

Numbers of researches have been conducted to investigate the interrelationship among corporate sustainability, corporate social responsibility and consumer purchase intentions. However conflicting results were found regarding effects of corporate social responsibility on consumer behavior. This research has investigated the effects of product/service quality and consumer satisfaction along with corporate social...

Author(s): Imran Ali, Kashif Ur Rehman, Ayse Kucuk Yilmaz, Sajid Nazir and Jawaria Fatima Ali

  • Article Number: 87750B522198

April 2010

Impact of labour quality on labour productivity and economic growth

  The growth of the Malaysian economy has gone through several phases and strategies from input-driven to productivity-driven and knowledge-based-driven, which is in line with the world scenario. The knowledge-based-driven of economic growth is crucial as it will raise level of competitiveness of the country, especially in facing the world challenges....

Author(s): Idris Jajri and Rahmah Ismail  

  • Article Number: E78664E22233

April 2010

Impact of compositions and characteristics of board of directors and earnings management on fraud

  This paper examines the effects of board of directors characteristics and compositions, earnings management on fraud for Taiwan listed SES and OTC companies. The effects of Institutional director holding, the duality of board chair and CEO have not influence on fraud before the act of the independent directors and auditor, but Institutional director holding, the duality of board chair and CEO has negative...

Author(s): Yi-Hsien Wang , Chung-Chu Chuang and Shu-Yu Lee  

  • Article Number: 2D372EF22257

April 2010

The physical disabilities' travel behaviors

This study focuses on the self-perceived health conditions, activity constraints and travel attitudes of the physically disabled and their intentions and behaviors on traveling. Results show that increase in actual expenditures and frequencies in traveling become evident as their intentions to participate become higher. Furthermore, milder levels of physical pain lead to an increase in the number of days and frequency...

Author(s): Chih-Yung Tsai  

  • Article Number: 4536E3C22285

April 2010

Influences of Decree No. 32 on capital movements in Turkey: A theoretical analysis

Based on findings of theoretical and empirical studies in the literature, it is more likely that financial liberalization is a means of enhancing capital mobility rather than being an objective. The main purpose here is to make use of foreign savings to fund the country’s development. Considering foreign financial sources that enter the country in the form of foreign debt and capital, it is apparent that the...

Author(s): Abdullah Takim  

  • Article Number: 8A5DD2F22301

April 2010

Who gains from “brain and body drain” business -developing/developed world or individuals: A comparative study between skilled and semi/unskilled emigrants

A theory often advanced is that the ‘brain drain’ of third world graduates to the first world generates a high income of foreign currency, and that this income contributes to the development of third world, In this paper, however, we put forward the theory that semi/unskilled emigrants currently contribute the higher income of foreign currency. Although the highly skilled group may earn higher wages, they do...

Author(s): Gazi Mahabubul Alam and Kazi Enamul Hoque  

  • Article Number: 5284F5022328

April 2010

Economic policy during Ataturk’s era in Turkey (1923 - 1938)

New Republic of Turkey took over Ottoman Empire with a highly centralized political structure; this structure featured authoritarian management with an economic infrastructure based mainly on agriculture, where commerce and industry were almost completely dominated by the Europeans. It is unlikely to grasp the new era in an integrated manner, if the economical and political structures are handled separately. The...

Author(s): Abdullah Takim and Ensar Yilmaz    

  • Article Number: 344C67C22351

April 2010

Traditional foods: Interaction between local and global foods in Turkey

Traditional foods play an important role in local identity, consumer behavior, the transfer of cultural heritage for future generations, and the interaction of this heritage with the rest of the world. In many countries, the promotion and protection of traditional foods is directed through quality, agricultural and special policies. Traditional foods are protected by registering them in accordance with relevant...

Author(s): Mevhibe Albayrak and Erdoğan Gunes  

  • Article Number: 03BDAED22377