African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4157

Full Length Research Paper

Local economic development in Nelson Mandela Bay and Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipalities: An empirical investigation

Mativenga Ngatiane
  • Mativenga Ngatiane
  • Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economic Sciences, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Noluntu. S. Dyubhele
  • Noluntu. S. Dyubhele
  • Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economic Sciences, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Hendrik Lloyd
  • Hendrik Lloyd
  • Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economic Sciences, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 29 May 2017
  •  Accepted: 28 December 2018
  •  Published: 31 October 2021

How to cite this article

APA /
Ngatiane, M., Dyubhele, N. S. & Lloyd, H. (2021). Local economic development in Nelson Mandela Bay and Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipalities: An empirical investigation. African Journal of Business Management, 15(10), 299-308.
Chicago /
Mativenga Ngatiane, Noluntu. S. Dyubhele and Hendrik Lloyd. "Local economic development in Nelson Mandela Bay and Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipalities: An empirical investigation." African Journal of Business Management 15, no. 10 (2021): 299-308.
MLA /
Mativenga Ngatiane, Noluntu. S. Dyubhele and Hendrik Lloyd. "Local economic development in Nelson Mandela Bay and Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipalities: An empirical investigation." African Journal of Business Management 15.10 (2021): 299-308.