This study sought to evaluate the behavioural and biochemical effects of Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS) on the oxidative stress biomarkers and antioxidant enzymes. Drosophila melanogaster (both sexes) of 3 days old were exposed to various DSS incorporated diets at concentrations, 0.5 - 3.0% for a period of 14 days (Survival rate). The second phase comprised of 3 groups; Group I- Control (normal diet), Group II-0.5% DSS, and Group III – 1.0% DSS and fed for 5 days. Climbing activity and biochemical assays were then determined. The survival rates of the flies with concentrations above 1.0% were highly reduced. The induced oxidative stress caused by DSS showed an impaired climbing activity, a significant (p<0.05) increase in the catalase enzymatic activity and malondialdehyde content in both Groups II and III in relation to the flies in Group I (control). Also there was significant (p<0.05) inhibition of GST activity and reduction of total thiol contents in group III in comparison to the control. In conclusion, the DSS dose- dependent toxicity effect was revealed by the increase in the malondialdehyde contents and catalase enzymatic activity.
Key words: Drosophila melanogaster, oxidative stress, pro-oxidant, antioxidant enzymes, dextran sodium sulphate.
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