African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1036

Full Length Research Paper

An appraisal of high definition survey approaches in subsidence monitoring of crude oil storage tanks

Hart Lawrence
  • Hart Lawrence
  • Department of Surveying and Geomatics, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Udeh Kenneth
  • Udeh Kenneth
  • Department of Surveying and Geomatics, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 11 January 2020
  •  Accepted: 06 August 2020
  •  Published: 30 September 2020


Vertical and horizontal motion of the solid earth surface due to geological and geodynamical phenomena are generally consequences of terrain deformation. Variations as a result of the deformation affect structures, particularly large storage facilities that are steel and/or concrete in nature. The criticality of these phenomena underscores the need to carryout regular measurements and monitoring of its effect in all dimension. Over the years, methods and instrumentation for subsidence monitoring has evolved from the conventional to the recently high definition surveying approach with an increasing need to detect and analyse deformation changes with clarity at any given time. The aim of this work was to appraise the high definition surveying approaches in subsidence dynamics of crude oil storage facilities. Classical instrumentations and the terrestrial laser scanning equipment were deployed based on the principles of geodetic positioning and mapping for overlity, verticality and radial displacement parameters determination using the two approaches. This paper will provide spatial information in terms of point clouds, 2D and 3D models, vertical and radial displacement of the crude oil storage facility. The work will further demonstrate the optimal capability of high definition surveying approach in our quest to constantly manage the complexities associated with subsidence. Several crude oil storage facilities in addition to other private storage facilities all over the country, require a policy to ensure regular monitoring and analysis of these facilities especially with the trend of earth tremors being experienced in parts of the country.


Key words: Subsidence, high definition surveying, radial displacement, crude oil facility, geodetic positioning.