African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1047

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of pollution status of heavy metals in the groundwater system around open dumpsites in Abakaliki urban, Southeastern Nigeria

Obasi I. Arisi
  • Obasi I. Arisi
  • Department of Geology, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria.
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Nnachi E. Esom
  • Nnachi E. Esom
  • Department of Geology, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria.
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Igwe, O. Ezekiel
  • Igwe, O. Ezekiel
  • Department of Geology, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria.
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Obasi N. Philip
  • Obasi N. Philip
  • Department of Geology, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 03 May 2015
  •  Accepted: 29 June 2015
  •  Published: 30 July 2015

Abstract

The occurrence of various heavy metals such as iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), lead (pb) and arsenic (As) as major contaminants in the Abakaliki dumpsites has been established in this research. Four dumpsites namely the Waterworks, the New layout, the Rice mill and the Iyiokwu, all within the Abakaliki metropolis, were used for this research. Water samples (from bore holes, hand-dug wells, ponds and streams) were collected around these dumpsites and analyzed to ascertain the level of pollution. The atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) was used for the determination of the concentration of heavy metals. Results show that the water works road dumpsite is a major source of contamination to the ground water system and should be relocated to a safer site. While dumping activities within the New layout dumpsite should be continued due to absence or low concentration of these metals in the groundwater system, it is recommended that resistivity methods of geophysical survey be carried out on the Iyiokwu and Rice mill dumpsites to ascertain the viability of the subsurface geologic layers to combat infiltration.
 
Key words: Pollution, heavy metals, groundwater, dumpsites, Abakaliki, Nigeria.