African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 976

Review

Management of world energy resources (Renewable energy): Choices for the future?

Gueye Moustapha
  • Gueye Moustapha
  • Economics and Management Department, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University Assane SECK of Ziguinchor, Senegal.
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Teshome Yirgu
  • Teshome Yirgu
  • Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia.
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Yibeltal Yihunie
  • Yibeltal Yihunie
  • Department of Natural Resources Management, Arba Minch University, P. O. Box 21, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Alemu Asele
  • Alemu Asele
  • Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 19 September 2018
  •  Accepted: 06 November 2018
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

Energy enables technical innovations, and progress in health, agriculture and transportation. Socio-economic development and energy production are linked, although some energy-rich countries are poor. Developed countries are the biggest consumers. Energy consumption increases with increase in world population. Fossil energies are dominantly consumed. Nuclear energies are often decried because of serious accidents. Renewable energies, theoretically inexhaustible, often show limits and they are for the moment only energies of completion. Unequal sharing of income from energy can cause tension. Are nuclear and renewable energies the miracle solutions for the future?.
 
Key words: Renewable energy, non-renewable energy, energy income, energy security.