African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1082

Article in Press

A review on links between biogas technology adoption and its contribution for unpaid time spent by women and children collecting biomass

Alemtsehaye Eyasu Ferede, Hundessa Adugna Yadeta, Gemechu Kaba Sori

  •  Received: 17 January 2022
  •  Accepted: 29 June 2022
In Ethiopia, the household sector energy consumption accounts over 90%, of total energy consumed.Above 80% of firewood collection is undertaken by women and assisted by girls and boys .Over half of households spend more than 7 hours a week acquiring fuel for cooking and a quarter of hour for cleaning cooking utensil. So far, a total of 22,000 household size bio-digesters are constructed under the entire national biogas program in eight regions of Ethiopia. This paper reviews the links b/n biogas technology adoption and change in unpaid time spent by women and children collecting biomass. Secondary data were used for the measurement of change. Fuel wood collections by women have been identified as unpaid work and time burden is one of the significant burdens of energy poverty. Biogas adoption creates an opportunity for each household to saves a total of 139 minute to 147 minute per day from the time used for fuel wood collection, cooking and cleaning utensil. Moreover, biomass collection exerts extra work burden for 74% - 84% of women.Overall, therefore, switching from use of traditional biomass energy to biogas energy is a promising strategy to achieve three principles of sustainable development.

Keywords: Biogas, Biomass, Energy , Women , Biotechnology adoption