African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1047

Article in Press

Strategic Factor Analysis of Solid Waste Management in Southwestern Ethiopia: The Case of Jimma Metropolitan City

Berhanu Megerssa

  •  Received: 16 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 08 February 2021
Introduction: Solid waste management is a cosmopolitan environmental problem confronting humanities and metropolitan authorities by contributing 80% of all diseases and related mortality. There is low commitment in managing urban environmental issues. Consequently, Solid waste disposal is an important environmental area of concern since information is barely available in the study area. Objective: To measure solid waste management by using IFAS-EFAS-SFAS matrix, and explore how the system is organized Method: descriptive cross-sectional surveys were conducted at household level where respondents were selected by using multistage-mixed sampling technique. Then IFAS-EFAS-SFAS analytical tool and interview schedule was employed to take data on advantage of existing opportunities and menaces towards minimizing weaknesses and threats. Result: IFAS-EFAS-SFAS matrix showed strength and weaknesses of 1.16 and -1.42, respectively; with a difference of -0.26. Similarly, summary of opportunity and threats was 1.33 and 1.35 respectively; with a difference of -0.2. The overall result indicated; solid waste management was at inferior efficiency. Congruently, females were more committed to dispose of solid wastes than their counterparts at 10% significant level. Households with large number of female households were better off in managing solid wastes. Regardless of economic status, better educational entitlement facilitated willingness to pay. Conclusion and Recommendation: Participatory institutional support should be in place to ensure sustainable solid waste management. Similarly, further decentralization should be in place to empower local administrations since households were willing to pay if they got services, and community-based organizations should take part in service deliveries.

Keywords: EFAS-IFAS-SFAS, Household, Jimma, Solid Waste