African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 941

Full Length Research Paper

Understanding nexuses between precipitation changes and climate change and variability in semi-arid lowlands of Mwanga District, Tanzania

Bagambilana Francis Rweyemamu
  • Bagambilana Francis Rweyemamu
  • Department of Geography, College of Humanities, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Rugumamu William Mulokozi
  • Rugumamu William Mulokozi
  • Department of Geography, College of Humanities, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 25 September 2018
  •  Accepted: 12 November 2018
  •  Published: 31 January 2019

References

Bast JL (2010). Seven theories of climate change. Chicago, IL: Heartland Institute.

 

Brown DA (2013). Climate change: Navigating the perfect moral storm. London: Routledge.
Crossref

 
 

Buckles LK, Verschuren D, Weijers JWH, Cocquyt C, Blaauw M, Sinninghe Damsté JS (2016). Interannual and (multi-) decadal variability in the sedimentary BIT index of Lake Challa, East Africa, over the past 2200 years: Assessment of the precipitation proxy. Climate of the Past 12:1243-1262.
Crossref

 
 

Cassou C, Kushnir Y, Hawkins E, Pirani A, Kucharski F, Kang I–S, Caltabiano N (2018). Decadal climate variability and predictability: Challenges and opportunities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99(3):479-490.
Crossref

 
 

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, WHO (2018). The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2018. Building climate resilience for food security and nutrition. Rome, FAO. 

View

 
 

Field A (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics. 4th Ed. London: SAGE.

 
 

Huang J, Ji M, Xie Y, Wang S, He Y, Ran J (2016). Global semi-arid climate change over last 60 years. Climate Dynamics 46(4):1131-1150.
Crossref

 
 

Idso CD, Carter, RM, Singer SF (2016). Why scientists disagree about global warming: The NIPCC report on scientific consensus. 2nd Ed. Chicago, IL: Heartland Institute.

 
 

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCRCS) (2013). Tanzania drought and food insecurity: Emergency appeal n° MDRTZ012 - final report. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

 
 

Inhofe J (2012). The greatest hoax: How the global warming conspiracy threatens your future. Washington, D. C: WND Books.

 
 

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2012). Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 
 

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2013). Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 
 

Kavishe FP, Mushi SS (1993). Nutrition-relevant actions in Tanzania. TFNC Monograph Series no. 1. UN ACC/SCN Country Study Supported by UNICEF. A Case Study for the XV Congress of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences, September 26 to October 1, 1993, Adelaide.

 
 

Kijazi AL, Reason CJC (2008). Analysis of the 1998 to 2005 drought over the northeastern highlands of Tanzania. Climate Research 38:209-223.
Crossref

 
 

Laliberté F, Zika, J, Mudryk L, Kushner PJ, Kjellsson J, Döös K (2015). Constrained work output of the moist atmospheric heat engine in a warming climate. Science 347(6221):540-543.
Crossref

 
 

Limbu F (1995). Agriculture and rural development in Tanzania: A survey of the 1980-1985 literature. Dar es Salaam: Economic and Social Research Foundation.

 
 

Mabhuye E, Yanda P, Maganga F, Liwenga E, Kateka A, Henku A, Malik N, Bavo C (2015). Tanzania: country situation assessment.

 
 

Mashingo M (2010). Vulnerability assessment on pastoral livestock and pasture development to the extreme climatic events in Tanzania. Paper presented under the study on economics of climate change in Tanzania Phase 3, at the Stakeholder Inception Round Table Meeting held at the Peacock Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 26 March 2010.

 
 

Mwanga District Council (MDC) (2016). Mwanga district socio-economic profile. Mwanga: MDC. https://pefa.org/assessments/tanzania-mwanga-district-council-2016

 
 

Misana B, Sokoni C, Mbonile MJ (2012). Land-use/cover changes and their drivers on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 5(6):151-164.

 
 

Moernaut J, Verschuren D, Charlet F, Kristen I, Fagot M, De Batist M (2010). The seismic-stratigraphic record of lake-level fluctuations in Lake Challa: Hydrological stability and change in equatorial East Africa over the last 140 kyr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 290:214-223.
Crossref

 
 

Mvungi A (2008). The economy of affection/moral economy and water management for irrigation and environmental conservation in semi-arid areas: The case study of Mwanga district. In: Kimambo IN, Hyden G, Maghimbi S, Sugimura K (eds.). Contemporary perspectives on African moral economy. Dar es Salaam: Dar es Salaam University Press.

 
 

Ogwang BA, Ongoma V, Xing L, Ogou FK (2015). Influence of Mascarene high and Indian Ocean Dipole on East African extreme weather events. Geographica Pannonica 19 (2):64-72.
Crossref

 
 

Ostberg S, Schewe J, Childers K, Frieler K (2018). Changes in crop yields and their variability at different levels of global warming. Earth System Dynamics 9:479-496.
Crossref

 
 

Owiti Z, Ogallo LA, Mutemi J (2008). Linkages between the Indian Ocean Dipole and East African rainfall anomalies. Journal of Kenya Meteorological Society 2(1): 3-17.

 
 

Pokhrel S, Chaudhari HS, Saha SK., Dhakate A, Yadav RK, Salunke K, Mahapatra S (2012). ENSO, IOD and Indian Summer Monsoon in NCEP climate forecast system. Climate dynamics 39:2143-2165.
Crossref

 
 

Røhr PC (2003). A hydrological study concerning the southern slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Dissertation (PhD), Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

 
 

Scroxton N, Burns SJ, McGee D, Hardt B, Godfrey LR, Ranivoharimanana L, Faina P (2017). Hemispherically in-phase precipitation variability over the last 1700 years in a Madagascar speleothem record. Quaternary Science Reviews 164:25-36.
Crossref

 
 

Schmidt MW, Spero HJ (2011). Meridional shifts in the marine ITCZ and the tropical hydrologic cycle over the last three glacial cycles. Paleoceanography 26(1):PA1206.
Crossref

 
 

Sinninghe Damsté JS, Ossebaar J, Schouten S, Verschuren D (2012). Distribution of tetraether lipids in the 25-ka sedimentary record of Lake Challa: Extracting reliable TEX86 and MBT/CBT palaeotemperatures from an equatorial African lake. Quaternary Science Reviews 50:43-54.
Crossref

 
 

Stewart I (2008). Earth: The climate wars. London: BBC.

 
 

Tao T, Chaocat B, Liu S, Xin K (2009). Uncertainty analysis of interpolation methods in rainfall spatial distribution: A case of small catchment in Lyon. Journal of Environmental Protection 1:50-58.

 
 

United Nations (UN) (1992). United Nations framework convention on climate change. New York, NY: United Nations.

 
 

United Nations Environment Programme (2012). Global environment outlook GEO-5: Environment for development. Nairobi: UNEP.

 
 

United Republic of Tanzania (URT) (2004). Lake Jipe awareness raising strategy (2005–2007). Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Wildlife Division.

 
 

Verschuren D, Laird KR, Cumming BF (2000). Rainfall and drought in equatorial East Africa during the past 1100 years. Nature 403:410-414.
Crossref

 
 

Verschuren D, Sinninghe Damsté JS, Moernaut J, Kristen I, Blaauw M, Fagot… Nowaczyk NR (2009). Half-precessional dynamics of monsoon rainfall near the East African Equator. Nature 462(7273):637-641.
Crossref

 
 

Williams CA, Hanan NP (2011). ENSO and IOD teleconnections for African ecosystems: Evidence of destructive interference between climate oscillations. Biogeosciences 8:27-40.
Crossref

 
 

Wolff C, Haug GH, Timmermann A, Sinninghe Damsté JS, Brauer A, Sigman DM, Cane MA, Verschuren D (2011). Reduced inter-annual rainfall variability in East Africa during the last ice age. Science 333:743-747.
Crossref

 
 

Yeh S-W, Cai W, Min S-K, McPhaden MJ, Dommenget D, Dewitte B, Kug J-S (2018). ENSO atmospheric teleconnections and their response to greenhouse gas forcing. Reviews of Geophysics 56(1):185-206.
Crossref

 
 

Zheng J, Yu Y, Zhang X, Hao Z (2018). Variation of extreme drought and flood in North China revealed by document-based seasonal precipitation reconstruction for the past 300 years. Climate of the Past 14:1135-1145.
Crossref