African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1071

Full Length Research Paper

Groundwater resources for domestic and irrigation purposes in Melong (Littoral Region, Cameroon): Hydrogeochemical constraints

Alice Magha Mufur
  • Alice Magha Mufur
  • Department of Geology, Higher Teacher Training College, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39 Bambili, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Margaret Tita Awah
  • Margaret Tita Awah
  • Department of Biology, Higher Teacher Training College, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39 Bambili, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Primus Azinwi Tamfuh
  • Primus Azinwi Tamfuh
  • Departmentof Soil Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 222, Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Magdaline Asaba Agendia
  • Magdaline Asaba Agendia
  • Department of Geology, Higher Teacher Training College, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39 Bambili, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Aloysius Afanwie Ngambu
  • Aloysius Afanwie Ngambu
  • Department of Geology, Mining and Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39, Bambili, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Veronique Kamgang Kabeyene
  • Veronique Kamgang Kabeyene
  • Department of Earth Sciences, Higher Teacher Training College, Bertoua, University of Ngaoundéré, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 29 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 19 July 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021


Ako AA, Shimada J, Hosono T, Ichiyanagi K, Nkeng GE, Fantong WY, Eyong GE, Roger NN (2011). Evaluation of Groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking, domestic, and agricultural uses in the Banana Plain (Mbanga, Njombe and Penja) of the Cameroon Volcanic Line. Journal of Environmental Geochemistry and Health33:559-575.


Akoachere R, Ngwese YM (2017). Dug Well Biological Water Quality in Kumba- Cameroon: GIS Evaluation and Seasonal Variation of Pollution - Indicator. Geoinfor Geostat: An Overview 5:3.


Akoanung A, Endene E, Enoh JF, Akoachere RA (2019). Assessment of groundwater quality in Bamenda-Cameroon for suitable applications. Springer Nature 1:1389. Alakeh NM, Njoyim EBT, Mvondo-Ze AD (2017). Quality Assessment of Some Springs in the Awing Community, North West Cameroon and their Health Implications. Journal of Chemistry pp. 1-5.


Annapoorna H, Janardhana MR (2015). Assessment of Groundwater Quality for Drinking Purpose in Rural Areas Surrounding a Defunct Copper Mine, Aquatic Procedia 4:685-692.


APHA (American Public Health Association) (1995). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, APHA-AWWA-WEF: Washington DC, USA, ISBN 978-0-87553-235-6.


Appelo CAJ, Postma D (2005). Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. Balkema, Netherlands 536 p.


Artimes GD, Ramin SD, Nagaraju (2011). Hydro geochemical and rock water interaction studies in East of Kurdistan, N-W of Iran. International Journal of Environmental Science and Research 1:16-22.


Cheesbrough (1991). Medical Laboratory Manual for Tropical Countries. 2nd Edition, ELBS 605 p.


Dirisu CG, Mafiana MO, Dirisu GB, Modou AR (2019). Level of pH in drinking water of an oil and gas producing community and perceived biological and health implications. European Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3:2059-3058.


Durov SA (1948). Classification of natural waters and graphical representation of their composition. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 59:87-90.


Eneke GT, Ayonghe SN, Chandrasekharam D, Ntchancho R, Ako AA, Mouncherou OF, Thambidurai P (2011). Controls on groundwater chemistry in a highly urbanised coastal area. International Journal of Environmental Research 5(2):475-490.


Gibbs RJ (1990). Mechanisms Controlling World's Water Chemistry. Science 170:1088-1090.


Gift RA, Olalekan RM (2020). Access to electricity and water in Nigeria: a panacea to slow the spread of Covid-19. Open Access Journal of Science 4(2):34.


Gift RA, Olalekan RM, Owobi OE, Oluwakemi RM, Anu B, Funmilayo AA (2020). Nigerians crying for availability of electricity and water: a key driver to life coping measures for deepening stay at home inclusion to slow covid-19 spread. Open Access Journal of Science 4(3):69-80.


Gountié Dedzo M, Tsozué D, Mimba ME, Teddy F, Nembungwe RM, Linida S (2017). Importance of Rocks and Their Weathering Products on Groundwater Quality in Central-East Cameroon. Hydrology 4:1-18.


Hounslow AW (1995). Water Quality Data: Analysis and Interpretation. Lewis Publisher, New York. CRC Press 397 p.


Hussain MI, Morufu OR, Henry OS (2021a). Probabilistic Assessment of Self-Reported Symptoms on Farmers Health: A Case Study in Kano State for Kura Local Government Area of Nigeria. Research on World Agricultural Economy 2:1.


Hussain MI, Morufu OR, Henry OS (2021b). Patterns of Chemical Pesticide Use and Determinants of Self-Reported Symptoms on Farmers Health: A Case Study in Kano State for Kura Local Government Area of Nigeria. Research on World Agricultural Economy 2:1.


Isah HM, Raimi MO, Sawyerr HO, Odipe OE, Bashir BG, Suleiman H (2020a). Qualitative Adverse Health Experience Associated with Pesticides Usage among Farmers from Kura, Kano State, Nigeria. Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) 8(8):432-447.


Isah HM, Sawyerr HO, Raimi MO, Bashir BG, Haladu S, Odipe OE (2020b). Assessment of Commonly Used Pesticides and Frequency of Self-Reported Symptoms on Farmers Health in Kura, Kano State, Nigeria. Journal of Education and Learning Management (JELM) 1:31-54.


Itiga Z, Chakam Tagheum PJ, Wotchoko P, Wandji P, Bardintzeff JM, Bellon H (2004). La ligne du Cameroun: Volcanologie et geochronologie de trios regions (Mont Manengouba, du Noun at Tchabal Gangdaba). Geochronique 91:13-16.


Kagou AD, Wandji P, Pouclet A, Vicat JP, Cheilletz A, Nkouathio DG, Alexandrov P, Tchoua FM (2001). Evolution volcanologique du mont Manengouba (Ligne du Cameroun) nouvelles données pétrographiques, géochimiques et géochronologique. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences. Terre et Planètes 333:155-162.


Katte VY, Fonteh MF, Guemuh GN (2003). Domestic water quality in urban centers in Cameroon: a case study of Dschang in the West Province. African Water Journal, pp. 43-54.


Kemper KE (2004). Groundwater from development to management. Hydrogeology Journal 12:3-5.


Kuitcha D, Ndjama J, Awah MT, Lienou G, Kamgang KBV, Ateba BH, Ekodeck GE (2010). Bacterial contamination of water points of the upper Mfoundi watershed, Yaounde, Cameroon. African Journal of Microbiology Research 4:568-574.


Lloyd JA, Heathcote JA (1985). Natural inorganic hydrochemistry in relation to groundwater: An introduction. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK 296 p.


Macdonald AM, Bonsor HC, Dochartaigh BEQ, Taylor RG (2012). Quantitative Maps of Groundwater Resources in Africa.


Magha AM, Tita MA, Kouankap NGD, Wotchoko P, Ayuk MT, Kamgang VK (2015). Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Characterization of Spring and Well Water in Bameneda III (NW, Region Cameroon). American Journal of Environmental Protection 4:163-173.


Mohammad Z, Shabbir A, Lee H (2018). Irrigation Water Quality. International Atomic Energy Agency. 


Molua EL, Lambi CM (2006). Climate, hydrology and water resources in Cameroon, Discussion Paper. CEEPA 37.


Morufu OR (2021). "Self-reported Symptoms on Farmers Health and Commonly Used Pesticides Related to Exposure in Kura, Kano State, Nigeria". Annals of Community Medicine and Public Health 1(1):1002. 


Morufu R, Clinton E (2017). Assessment of Trace Elements in Surface and Ground Water Quality (2017) LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. Mauritius. ISBN: 978-3-659-38813-2. 


Nickson RT, McArthur JM, Shrestha B, Kyaw-Nyint TO, Lowry D (2005). Arsenic and other drinking water quality issues, Muzaffargarh District, Pakistan. Applied Geochemistry 20:55-68.


Olalekan RM, Adedoyin OO, Ayibatonbira A (2019). "Digging deeper" evidence on water crisis and its solution in Nigeria for Bayelsa state: a study of current scenario. International Journal of Hydrology 3(4):244-257.


Olalekan RM, Dodeye EO, Efegbere HA, Odipe OE. Deinkuro NS, Babatunde A, Ochayi EO (2020) Leaving No One Behind? Drinking-Water Challenge on the Rise in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: A Review. Merit Research Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology (ISSN:2350-2266) 6(1):031-049.


Olalekan RM, Vivien OT, Adedoyin OO (2018). The sources of water supply, sanitation facilities and hygiene practices in oil producing communities in central senatorial district of Bayelsa state, Nigeria. MOJ Public Health 7(6):337-345.


Olalekan RM, Omidiji AO, Nimisngha D, Odipe OE, Olalekan AS (2018). Health Risk Assessment on Heavy Metals Ingestion through Groundwater Drinking Pathway for Residents in an Oil and Gas Producing Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Open Journal of Yangtze Gas and Oil 3:191-206.


Pandian K, Sankar K (2007). Hydrochemistry and Groundwater Quality in the Vaippar River Basin. Journal of the Geological Society of India 69:970-982.


Piper AM (1944). A graphical interpretation of water-analysis. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 25:914-928.


Raimi MO, Sabinus CE (2017). An Assessment of Trace Elements in Surface and Ground Water Quality in the Ebocha-Obrikom Oil and Gas Producing Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal for Scientific and Engineering Research 8(6). ISSN: 2229-5518.


Raimi MO, Abdulraheem AF, Major I, Odipe OE, Isa HM, Onyeche C (2019). The Sources of Water Supply, Sanitation Facilities and Hygiene Practices in an Island Community: Amassoma, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Public Health Open Access 3(1):000134. ISSN: 2578-5001.


Raimi MO, Omidiji AO, Adeolu TA, Odipe OE, Babatunde A (2019). An Analysis of Bayelsa State Water Challenges on the Rise and Its Possible Solutions. Acta Scientific Agriculture 3(8):110-125.


Raimi MO, Pigha TK, Ochayi, EO (2017). Water-Related Problems and Health Conditions in the Oil Producing Communities in Central Senatorial District of Bayelsa State. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR) 3(6):2454-1362.


Sabrina S, Palazzini D, Sieliechi JM, Ngassoum MB (2013). An Assessment of Physical-Chemical Drinking Water Quality in the Lagone Valley. Sustainability 5:3060-3076. 


Sato H, Aramaki S, Kusakabe M, Hirabayashi JI, Sano Y, Nojiri Y, Tchoua FM (1990). Geochemical difference of basalts between polygenetic and monogenetic volcanoes in the central part of the Cameroon Volcanic Line. Geochemical Journal 6:357-370.


Sudha M (2007). Ground Water Management: Need for Sustainable Approach, pp. 1-10.


Sujay RN, Paresh CD (2015). Sustainable Development and Management of Groundwater resources in Mining Affected areas: A Review. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, ScienceDirect 11:598-604.


Tita MA, Magha AM, Kamgang KV (2013). Microbial pollution of the Mezam River System and its health impact in Bamenda (North West of Cameroon). African Journal of Microbiology Research 42:4940-4948.


Trivedy RK, Goel PK (1986). Chemical and biological method for water pollution studies. Environmental publication. Karad. tropical." Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale 26:219-228.


World Health Organization (WHO) (2017). Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality. Fourth Edition Incorporating the First Addendum, World Health Organization, Geneva. ISBN 978-92-4-154995-0.


Winter TC, Harve WJ, Franke OL, Alley WM (1998). Ground water and surface water: A single resource, US Geological Survey Circular 1139, Denver, Colorado 87 p.


Y?ld?z D (2017). The Importance of Water in Development 1, World Water Diplomacy and Science News. Hydropolitics Academy. Ankara-Turkey pp. 1-7.


Zheng XD, Zhang HY, Xi YF (2004). Effects of Cryptococcuslaurentii (Kufferath) Skinner on biocontrol of post harvest decay of arbutus berries. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 45:55-60.