African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 978

Full Length Research Paper

African yam beans (Sphenostylis stenocarpa): A review of a novel tropical food plant for human nutrition, health and food security

Gbenga-Fabusiwa F. J.
  • Gbenga-Fabusiwa F. J.
  • University of Medical Sciences, Ondo, Ondo-State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 06 May 2020
  •  Accepted: 31 December 2020
  •  Published: 28 February 2021


Abdulkareem K, Animasaun DA, Oyedeji S, Olabanji OM (2015). Morphological characterization and variability study of African yam beans [Sphenostylis Stenocarpa (Hochst Ex A. Rich)]. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 21(1):21-27


Abioye VF, Olanipekun BF, Omotosho OT (2015). Effect of varieties on the proximate, nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of nine variants of African yam bean seeds (Sphenostylis Stenocarpa), Donnish Journal of Food Science and Technology 1(2):017-021.


Adegunwa MO, Adebowale AA, Solano EO (2012). Effect of thermal processing on the biochemical composition, antinutritional factors and functional properties of beniseed (Sesamum indicum) flour. American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 2(3):175-182.


Adefegha SA, Oboh G (2013). Sensory qualities, antioxidants activities and invitro inhibition of enzymes relevant to type - 2 diabetes by biscuits produced from 5 wheat-bambara groundnut flour blends. International Journal of Food Engineering 9:17-28.


Adewale B, Daniel A, Aremu, CO (2013). The nutritional potentials and possibilities in African yam bean for Africans. International Journal of Agriculture 3(1): 8-19.


Adewale BD, Dumet D. (2010). AYB: A crop with food security potentials for Africa. Africa Technology Development Forum Journal 6 (2/4):66-71.


Adewale BD, Kehinde OB, Aremu CO, Popoola JO, Dumet, DJ (2010). Seed metrics for genetic and shape determinations in African yam bean [Fabaceae] (Sphenostylis srenocarpa Hochst. Ex. A. Rich) Harms. African Journal of Plant Science 4(4):107-115.


Ajayi AO (2011). Sustainable dietary supplements: An analytical study of African yam bean Sphenostylis sternocarpa and Corn-Zea Maize. European Journal of Experimental Biology 1(4):189-201.


Ajayi FT, Akande SR, Odejide JO, Idowu B, Udoji IA, Abdulrahman F, Hassan LG, Maigandi S, Itodo HU, Udoji IA (2010). Nutritive evaluation of some tropical under-utilized grain legume seeds for ruminant's nutrition. Journal of American Science 6(7):1-7.


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Amakoromo ER, Innocent-Adiele HC, Njoku HC (2012). Microbiological quality of yogurt-like product from African yam bean. National Science 10(6):6-9.


Aniedu C, Aniedu OC (2014). Fortification of cassava fufu flour with African yam Bean flour: Implications for improved nutrition in Nigeria. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research 4(3):63-66.


Anoshirike OC, Chidozie C, Ugwumba A, Asinobi CO, Anoshirike CO (2018). Chemical composition and organoleptic properties of biscuits made from wheat, African yam bean and cocoyam composite flours. African Journal Online 39(1).


Aremu CO, Ibirinde DB (2012). Bio-diversity study on accessions of African yam bean (Sphenostylis srenocarpa). International Journal of Agricultural Research (Online).


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Atinuke I (2015). Chemical composition and sensory and pasting properties of blends of Maize-African yam bean seed. Journal of Nutrition Health and Food Science 3(3):1-6.


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Basith Khan MA, Hashim MA, King JK, Govender RD, Mustapha H, Alkaabi J (2020). Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes global burden of diseasese and forecasted treands. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 10(1):107-111.


Chikwendu JN, Obiakor O, Philomena N, Maduforo AN (2014). Effect of fermentation on the nutrient and antinutrient composition of African yam beans (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) seeds and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) grains. The International Journal of Science and Technology 2(12):169.


Chinedu NS, Nwinyi CO (2012). Proximate analysis of Sphenostylis stenocarpa and voadzeia subterranean consumed in South-Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 4(3):57-62.


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Elsie BB, David BK (2016). Effect of African yam beans (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) on the quality characteristic of extended meat ball. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 4(2):121-126.


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Esan YO, Fasasi OS (2013). Amino acid composition and antioxidant properties of African yam bean (Spenostylis stenocarpa) protein hydrolysates African. Journal of Food Science and Technology 4(5):100-105.


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Frank UE, Rita NO, Chukwuemeka SA (2016). Effect of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) on serum calcium, inorganic phosphate, uric acid, and alkaline phosphatase concentration of male albino rats. Journal of Agricultural Science 8(1) ISSN 1916-9752 E-ISSN 1916-9760


Gallego SM, Pena LB, Barcia RA, Azpilicueta CE, Iannone MF, Rosales EP (2012). Unravelling cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants: Insight into regulatory mechanisms. Environmental and Experimental Botany 83:33-46.


Gbenga-Fabusiwa FJ (2019). Proximate, mineral and physicochemical properties of starch extracted from pigeon- pea (Cajanus cajan) and varieties of African yam beans (Sphenostylis sternocarpa). Journal of ChemResearch 1(1):121-131.


Gbenga-Fabusiwa FJ, Oladele EP, Oboh G, Adefegha SA, Fabusiwa OF, Osho, Enikuomehin A, Oshodi AA (2019). Glycemic Response in Diabetic Subjects to Biscuits Produced from Blends of Pigeon Pea and Wheat Flour. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 74:553-559.


Gbenga-Fabusiwa FJ, Oladele EP, Oboh G, Adefegha SA, Oshodi AA (2018a) Nutritional properties, sensory qualities and glycemic response of biscuits produced from pigeon pea-wheat composite flour. Journal of Food Biochemistry 42:e12505a.


Gbenga-Fabusiwa FJ, Oladele EP, Oboh G, Adefegha SA, Oshodi AA (2018b) Polyphenol contents and antioxidants activities of biscuits produced from ginger-enriched pigeon pea-wheat composite flour blends. Journal of Food Biochemistry e12526. 


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Igyor MA, Yusufu PA, Sengav IA (2011). Functional and sensory properties of fermented fura powder supplemented with soy. Nigerian Food Journal 29(1):113-121.


Ikemefuna CO, Julian S (2010). The nutritive value of African yam bean (sphenostylis stenocarpa): Nitrogen and mineral utilization. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 22(4):297-305.


Iwe MO, Onyeukwu U, Agiriga Fatih Yildiz AN (2016). Proximate, functional and pasting properties of FARO 44 rice, African yam bean and brown cowpea seeds composite flour. Journal Cogent Food and Agriculture 2(1).


Kandala NB, Madungu TP, Emina JBO, NPD, Cappuccio, FP (2011). "Malnutrition among children under the age of five in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Does geographic location matter?". BMC Public Health. Springer Science and Business Media LLC 11(1):261.


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Kumar Y, Nalini KB, Menon J, Patro DK, Banerji BH (2013). Calcium sulfate as bone graft substitute in the treatment of osseous bone defects, a prospective study. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR 7(12):2926.


Lama P (2017). "Japan's food security problem: Increasing self-sufficiency in traditional food". IndraStra Global 7:7.


Magdi AO (2010) Effect of traditional fermentation process on the nutrient and antinutrient contents of pearl millet during preparation of Lohoh. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 10(1):1-6.


Masika MP, Wouters E, Kalambayi KP, Kiumbu NM, Mutindu MS, Suguimoto SP, Techasrivichien T, Wellington LB, El-saaidi CP, Peter OM, Kihar M (2014). "Food insecurity is associated with increased risk of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected adults in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Cross-Sectional Study". PLOS ONE 9:e85327.


Michael ON, Etim EE, Innocent OO (2018). Investigation on the anti-diabetic activity of Sphenostylis stenocarpa seed milk extract in alloxan-induced diabetes rats. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 8(8):824 ISSN 2250-3153.


Morales A (2011). "Marketplaces: Prospects for social, economic, and political development". Journal of Planning Literature. 26 (1):3-1.


Ngwu EK, Aburime, LC, Ani, PN (2014). Effect of processing methods on the proximate composition of African yam bean (Sphenostylisstenocarpa) flours and sensory characteristics of their gruels. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3(3):285-290.


Nneoma EO, Uchechukwu N, Eke-Obia E (2012). Production and evaluation of biscuits from African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) flours. Food Science and Quality Management. 7.


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Nwokeke B, Adedokun I., Osuji C (2013). Effect of blending on the proximate, pasting and sensory attributes of Cassava-African yam fufu flour. International Journal of Research Publications 3(8):1-7.


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Ogbonnaya M, Onumadu KS, Nwogu OG, Ben-Udechukwu C (2018). Proximate composition and sensory evaluation of blends of cassava fufu, Cooking banana (Musa saba) and African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) composite flours and paste. Research Journal of Food Science and Quality Control 4(1):2504-6145.


Ohanmu EO, Ikhajiagbe B, Edegbai BO (2018). Nitrogen distribution pattern of african yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) exposed to cadmium stress. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management 22(7):1053-1057.


Okafor GL, Usman GO (2010) Production and evaluation of breakfast cereals from blends of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa), maize (Zea mays) and defatted coconut (Cocus nucifera). Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 10.1111/jfpp.12060.


Okonkwo CC, Njoku UO, Mbah AM (2013). Anti-anaemic effect of methanol seed extract of Sphenostylis stenocarpa (African yam bean) in Wistar albino rats. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 7(45):2907-2913.


Okoye PC, Anoliefo GO, Ikhajiagbe B, Ohanmu EO, Igiebor FA, Aliu E (2019). Cadmium toxicity in African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Harms genotypes. Acta agriculturae Slovenica 114(2):205-220.


Olasoji J, Akande S, Owolade O. (2011). Genetic variability in seed quality of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa Hoscht. Ex A. Rich Harms). African Journal of Agricultural Resources 6(27):5848-5853.


Olisa BS, Ajayi SA, Akande SR (2010). Physiological quality of seeds of promising African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst. Ex A. Rich) Harms) and pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. Mill sp.) Landraces. Research Journal of Seed Science 3:93-101.


Oyedele TA, Kehinde IA, Afolabi CG, Oyedeji EO (2019). Effects of storage methods and mycoflora on proximate composition of African Yam Bean (Sphenostylis Stenocarpa Hochust Ex Rich) seeds. Journal of Agricultural Science and Environment 18(1).


Ojuederie OB, Balogun MO (2019). African yam bean (Sphenostylis Stenocarpa) tubers for nutritional security. Journal of Underutilized Legumes 1(1):56-68.


Oshomoh EO, Ilodigwe, CC (2018). Ameliorative potential of biocharcoal on sodium azide toxicity in African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa Hochst. Ex. A. Rich) Harms. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management 22(5):681.


Osuagwu AN, Nwofia GE (2014). Effects of spent engine oil on the germination ability of eleven accessories of Africa yam bean seeds (Sphenostylis stenocarpa Hochst ex A. Rich) Harms. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 7(1):59-62.


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Soetan K, Olugboyega O, Charles O, Karigidi KO (2018). Comparative in vitro antioxidant activities of six accessions of African yam beans (Sphenostylis Stenocarpa L.). Annals Food Science and Technology 19(3):455-461.


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Ukegbu PO, Uwaegbute AC, Nnadi MC (2015). Organoleptic and nutritional evaluation of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) flour enriched complementary foods. Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 2(2A):97-101.


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