African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 886

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of phytochemical and mineral composition of unripe and ripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca) peels

Sani Muhammad Uzairu
  • Sani Muhammad Uzairu
  • Department of Biochemistry, Bayero University Kano, P. M. B. 3011, Kano, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Muhammad Atiku Kano
  • Muhammad Atiku Kano
  • Department of Biochemistry, Bayero University Kano, P. M. B. 3011, Kano, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 03 December 2017
  •  Accepted: 12 February 2018
  •  Published: 31 March 2021


Agama-Acevedo E, Sanudo-Barajas JA, Velez De La Rocha R, Gonzalez-Aguilar GA, Bello-Perez LA (2015). Potential of plantain peels flour (Musa Paradisiaca) as a source of dietary fibre and antioxidant compound. Journal of Food 14(1):117-123.


Ajasin FO, Omole AJ, Oluokun JA, Obi OO, Owosibo A (2006). Performance characteristics of weaned rabbits fed plantain peel as replacement maize. World Journal of Zoology 1(1):30-32.


Asquith TN, Butler LG (1986). Interaction of condensed tannins with selected proteins. Phytochemistry 25:1591-1593.


Babatunde GM (1992). Availability of banana and plantain products for animal feeding. Machin D, Nyvold S (ed.), Roots, tubers, plantains and bananas in animal feeding. Roma: FAO. pp. 251-276.


Babayemi JO, Dauda KT, Nwude DO, Ajiboye JA, Essien ER, Abiona OO (2010). Determination of potash alkali and metal contents of ashes obtained from peels of some varieties of Nigerian grown Musa species. BioResources 5(3):1384-1392.


Bamhard UK (1985). Physicochemical studies of African medicinal plants. Bayero University Kano, Library. pp. 69-72.


Betiku E, Sheriff OA (2014). Modeling and optimization of Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleander) oil biodiesel synthesis via Musa paradisiacal (plantain) peels as heterogeneous base catalyst: A case of artificial neural network vs. response surface methodology. Industrial Crops and Products 53:314-322.


Bonire JJ, Jalil NSN, Lori JA (1990). Sodium and potassium content of two cultivars of white yam (Dioscorea rotundata) and their source soils. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 53(2):271-274.


Calles AH, Clavigo HE, Mane IH (2000). Ripe Ppantain Musa paradisiaca as energy source for growing pigs. In: Effects of graded levels of ripe and unripe plantain peel meals on performance, organ weights and blood parameters of broiler chickens by Oyedeji JO, Olomu JM, Godspower SA, Ojero OV (eds.). Nigerian Journal of Agriculture Food and Environment 11(4):28-33.


Chen XH, Xia LX, Zhou HB, Qiu GZ (2010). Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of Russula grisecarnosa sp. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58(11):6966-6971.


Earl ZK, Warren MS (1961). Chemical composition of plant tissues. In: Handbook of Biochemistry, Red Wood Press. P 198.


Eleazu CO, Iroaganachi M, Eleazu KC (2013). Ameliorative potentials of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta L) and unripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca) on the relative tissue weight of streoptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Journal of Diabetes Research 2013:1-8.


Enontiemonria EV, Abiodun OJ, Eric KE (2016). Extraction and Use of Potassium Hydroxide from Ripe Plantain Peels Ash for Biodiesel Production. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy 10(1):1-9.


Felgis F (1975). Anthraquinone stop test in organic analysis. Elvesier Press, Amsterdam. pp. 242-252.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2005). Production year book for 2005, FAOSTAT Data, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.


Ighodaro OM (2012). Evaluation study on Nigerian species of Musa paradisiaca peels: phytochemical screening, proximate analysis, mineral composition and antimicrobial activities. Researcher 4(8):17-20.


Ighodaro OM, Mairiga JP, Adeyi AO (2009). Reducing and anti-pro-oxidant profiles of flavonoids in ocimum gratissimum. International Journal of Chemical Sciences 2:85-89.


Israel AU, Akpan IA (2016). Mineral composition of ashed and charred palm (Elaeis guineensis) bunch and plantain (Musa Pradisiaca) Peel. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology 16(5):1-9.


Jarup L (2003). Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin 68(1):167-182.


Koleva II, Van Beek TA, Linssen JPH, de Groot A, Evstatieva, LN (2002). Screening of plant extract for antioxidant activity: A comparative study on three testing methods. Phytochemical Analysis 13(1):8-17.


Middleton EJ, Kandaswanni C (1992). Effects of flavonoids on immune and inflammatory cell function. Biochemical Pharmacology 43(6):1167-1179.


Okorie DO, Eleazu CO, Nwosu P (2015). Nutrient and Heavy Metal Composition of Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) and Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Peels. Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 5(3):370.


O'Connell B (2011). Select Vitamins and minerals in the management of diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum 14:133-148.


Ojo OO, Nadro MS, Tella IO (2006). Protection of rats by extracts of some common Nigerian trees against acetaminophen induced hepatoxicity. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(9):755-760.


Onyegbado CO, Iyagba ET, Offor OJ (2002). Solid soap production using plantain peels ash as source of alkali. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management 6(1):73-77.


Osborn DR, Voogt P (1978). The analysis of nutrients in food. Academic Press London. pp. 166-182.


Soetan KO (2008). Pharmacological and other beneficial effects of Anti-nutritional factors in plants - A review. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(5):4713-4721.


Sofowora A (1979). Phytochemical methods, screening plants for bioactive agents. Spectrum Books Ltd, Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 134-156.


Sofowora A (1993). Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine in Africa. Spectrum Books Ltd, Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 343-383.


Tchobanoglous G, Theisen H, Vigil S (1993). Integrated Solid Waste Management: Engineering Principles and Management Issues. McGraw- Hill, New York. pp. 3-22.


Tisato F, Marzano C, Porchia M, Pellei M, Santinic C (2010). Copper in diseases and treatments, and copper-based anti-cancer strategies. Medical Research 30:708-749.


Wijetunge WMANK, Perera BGK (2016). Preparation of medicinal soap using leaf extract a Punica granatum (POMEAGRANATE). International Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 6(2):7-16.


Wolfe K, Wu X, Liu RH (2003). Antioxidants activity of apple peels. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 51:609-614.


Zenk MH (1996). Heavy metal detoxification in higher plants - a review. Gene 179:21-30.