African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 187

Full Length Research Paper

The failure of humanitarian intervention and the role of NGOs in Darfur

Dele Jemirade
  • Dele Jemirade
  • Department of History, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies, York University, Toronto Ontario Canada.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 21 September 2020
  •  Accepted: 20 January 2021
  •  Published: 31 January 2021


This article examines the trends and types of arguments by scholars on the issue of humanitarian intervention and situates them within the genocide that occurred in Darfur, Sudan. The article argues that humanitarian intervention postulate by many scholars failed in Darfur and Non-Governmental organizations (NGOs) such as Amnesty International, International Committee of Red Cross, Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors without Borders) and Coalition for International Justice led the way to expose what happened, challenged the government of Sudan, gave aid to the Darfur people, provide information to the world that led to the indictment of the Sudanese government and its president Omar Al-Bashir. The article concludes that the non-governmental organizations were more useful and valuable to the people of Darfur than the humanitarian intervention theorized by the United Nations and its member countries.


Key words: Sudan, Darfur, Genocide, Humanitarian Intervention, Responsibility to Protect, NGOs.