African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 171

Full Length Research Paper

Rural-urban migration and rural community development: A case of Kpongu community of Upper West Region of Ghana

Agyemang Isaac* and Abu Salia Raqib
Department of Development Studies, University for Development Studies, P.O Box 520, Wa, Ghana.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 February 2013
  •  Published: 30 June 2013



The movement of human beings from areas of origin to area of final destination is a natural phenomenon among human societies. This study focuses on rural-urban migration with the aim of identifying the socio-economic and cultural causes of rural-urban migration, the socio-economic and cultural implications of migration from the study area to other areas of final destination, the coping strategies adopted by the community members with the aim of discouraging rural urban migration, what needs to be done to curb the movement from a community to other places. To this end the study made use of both primary data and secondary data to source information from members of the study community. Purposive sampling was used to select research participants, both key informants and focus group participants’ from the entire population. Research participants revealed that the people of Kpongu perceived development as provision of social infrastructure as well as improve standard of living which is a motivating factor for migration. To most of the respondents, migration was positive and brings about improved standard of living. It was revealed that some of the causes of rural-urban migration in Kpongu include lack of economic opportunities, inadequate social amenities among others. The study concluded with some measures put in place to mitigate migration as well as some recommendation to help reduce migration from the study area to areas of final destination.


Key words: Rural-urban migration Kpongu community, rural community development.