The main thesis of this work is to portray Pan-Africanism as a movement that is destined to give all people of African descent a sense of identity, self-determination and liberation by supplying significant context for African theologians. Pan-Africanism, notwithstanding all its limitations, can be an effective instrument of African liberation and hence, proffers great opportunity for authentic theological enterprise. However, not minding the perceptible differences and competing strategies, the main motif of the Pan-African movement is the unification of all people of African descent and the commitment to black liberation. Culture and religion in African cosmology intermingles. Therefore, for a contextual theologian to work well in Africa, the act of culture and religion of the people must be considered and highly rated, for religion does not exist in a vacuum.
Key words: Pan-Africanism, culture, politics, nationalism, inculturation, liberation, incarnation.