African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 171

Review

Can the centre hold for Arnstein’s ladder of participation in Zimbabwe?

Jephias Mapuva
  • Jephias Mapuva
  • Bindura University of Science Education, P.O. Box 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 21 August 2013
  •  Accepted: 20 October 2014
  •  Published: 31 December 2014

How to cite this article

APA /
Mapuva, J. (2014). Can the centre hold for Arnstein’s ladder of participation in Zimbabwe?. African Journal of History and Culture, 6(10), 183-191.
Chicago /
Jephias Mapuva. "Can the centre hold for Arnstein’s ladder of participation in Zimbabwe?." African Journal of History and Culture 6, no. 10 (2014): 183-191.
MLA /
Jephias Mapuva. "Can the centre hold for Arnstein’s ladder of participation in Zimbabwe?." African Journal of History and Culture 6.10 (2014): 183-191.