African Journal of
Medical and Health Sciences

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL, ABAKALIKI, NIGERIA
  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Med. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2384-5589
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMHS
  • Start Year: 2017
  • Published Articles: 39

Full Length Research Paper

Status and perception of intestinal parasitosis among students of a health professional institution in N’Djamena, Chad

Hamit M. A.
  • Hamit M. A.
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, University of N’Djamena, BP 1117, N’Djamena, Chad.
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Fombotioh N.
  • Fombotioh N.
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, University of N’Djamena, BP 1117, N’Djamena, Chad.
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Nack J.
  • Nack J.
  • Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Sciences BP 24157 Douala, University of Douala, Cameroon.
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Noumga H.
  • Noumga H.
  • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire-Central d’Abéché (CHU-CA) Chad.
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Issa R. A.
  • Issa R. A.
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, University of N’Djamena, BP 1117, N’Djamena, Chad.
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Kemba S.
  • Kemba S.
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, University of N’Djamena, BP 1117, N’Djamena, Chad.
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Brahim B. O.
  • Brahim B. O.
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Human Health Sciences, University of N’Djamena, BP 1117, N’Djamena, Chad.
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Zenaba M. K.
  • Zenaba M. K.
  • Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Sciences, University of Toumaï N'Djamena, Chad.
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Bilong Bilong C. F.
  • Bilong Bilong C. F.
  • Laboratoire de Parasitologie et Ecologie, Faculté des Sciences, BP 812 Yaoundé, Cameroun.
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  •  Received: 29 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 07 October 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020

Abstract

Intestinal parasitic diseases remain an epidemiology a real problem in Chad, but little research has been done in this area. The purpose of the study is to determine the status of intestinal parasites infection among students in a health professional training institution and to assess their level of perception of this health problem. This prospective and descriptive study took place between June and July 2018. A total of 107 stool samples were collected from students in a health professional training institution in the city of N’Djamena. Direct examination and formalin-ether concentration methods were used to search for parasites.  The results showed that the overall prevalence of intestinal parasites among the students was 64.5%. The parasite species identified were Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Ascaris lumbricoides, Taenia solium and Strongyloides stercoralis with respective percentages: 46.73, 13.08, 13.08, 1.87, and 0.93%. The rates of infestation according to the ethological factors were: - cooking water: 46.51 and 75.80% respectively for the national water company (SNE) and drilled water; feeding mode: 60 and  64.70% for respectively individual and collective;  washing hands with soap before meals: 78.57 and 62.37% for respectively no and yes.  To fight the diseases caused by parasitosis should involve a strategy on sanitation and health education.The species of parasites identified indicate that the fight against diseases caused by the above parasitosis should involve a strategy on sanitation and health education.

Key words: Parasite, students, N’Djamena, health professional institution, Chad.