African Journal of
Marketing Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Mark. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2421
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 153

Full Length Research Paper

An analysis on the economic effectiveness of municipalities in Turkey

  Aziz KUTLAR1*, Fehim Bakirci2 and Fatih Yüksel3
  1Department of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey. 2Department of Labor Economics and Industrial Relations, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey. 3Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 January 2012
  •  Published: 31 March 2012



In the present study, efficiency of municipalities and the factors affecting it are evaluated theoretically and then empirical analysis about the efficiency made. In the application part, 27 municipalities, 7 of which are metropolitan municipality, are covered. Data related to the inputs and outputs that reflect the financial, fiscal, social and demographic situation of these municipalities are taken from surveys, centralized management units and statistical units. Efficiency analysis of municipalities are made by using data envelopment analysis (DEA) and Malmquist index technique. Efficiency scores were obtained and factors which affect efficiency and the interaction among the factors are determined. Under the lights of these result and the estimations of both DEA models and Malmquist Index, it can be stated that there was a decrease in the number of efficient municipalities and the level of their efficiencies from years 2006 to 2008.


Key words: Municipality efficiency, data envelopment analysis (DEA), malmquist index, tobit model.