African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Full Length Research Paper

Isolation, screening and characterization of potential probiotics from farmed tiger grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus)

A. Nurhidayu1, M. Y. Ina-Salwany1*, H. Mohd Daud2 and S. A. Harmin3
1Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. 2Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. 3Centre for Land and Aquatic Technology, Faculty of Science and Biotechnology, Universiti Industri Selangor, 45600 Bestari Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 November 2011
  •  Published: 31 March 2012


A study was conducted to isolate, screen and characterize some potential probiotics from tiger grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus). Collection of bacterial strains was isolated from intestines of 51 juveniles tiger grouper. Preliminary screening on 123 isolates demonstrated that 40 (32.5%) bacteria displayed strong antagonistic activity when tested against four fish pathogens. Most of them (n=32; 80%) are Gram-positive. Only nine (22.5%) out of the 40 isolates showed gamma haemolysis and they were grouped based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. This genotypic strategy and antibiotic susceptibility assay were used to eliminate another six isolates considering their potential pathogenic nature and sequences similarity. Lastly, a modified BLIS assay was performed on the three selected probionts and Bacillus cereus JAQ04 was shown as the most promising probiotic candidates. This study suggested three promising probiotic candidates’ namelyB. cereus JAQ04 and Micrococcus luteus JAQ06 and JAQ07. However, thorough studies on all the three bacteria including in-depth assessment on their effect in vivo are recommended.

Key words: Epinephelus fuscoguttatus, intestinal microflora, aerobes, facultative anaerobes, probiotics.