African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4889

Full Length Research Paper

Candida albicans interdigital foot infection: A case report highlighting the importance of antifungal susceptibility testing

Yahaya Hassan
  • Yahaya Hassan
  • Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
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Sharif Alhassan Abdullahi
  • Sharif Alhassan Abdullahi
  • Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
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Leslie Thian Lung Than
  • Leslie Thian Lung Than
  • Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
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  •  Received: 21 May 2018
  •  Accepted: 15 August 2018
  •  Published: 28 September 2018

Abstract

Candida species are opportunistic fungal pathogens which are often isolated from immunocompromised individuals. Candida albicans is the most frequently isolated species in both superficial and invasive candidiasis. Non-albicans species are equally striving in their pathogenic ability, but it is noticed that C. albicans continues to exert its relevance as the leading cause of candidiasis. This is confirmed by this case report finding, from the traditional laboratory culture-based phenotypic methods to molecular diagnostic methods and finally DNA sequencing. Antifungal susceptibility pattern was performed using E-test strip to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of eight antifungal agents from the three main classes against C. albicans isolate. The MIC results were read at 24 and 48 h incubation according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. The results indicate susceptibility of C. albicans to amphotericin B with MIC value of 0.47 µg/mL, anidulafungin with MIC of 0.32 µg/mL; micafungin with MIC of 0.94 µg/mL and caspofungin with MIC of 0.125 µg/mL. The isolate was found to be resistant to all the four azole derivatives tested: fluconazole MIC ≥256 µg/mL; itraconazole, posaconazole and voriconazole with MIC values ≥32 µg/mL, indicating that the isolate may be azole resistant strain. Determination of the susceptibility pattern of this isolate is paramount for effective management of the case. Use of any echinocandins derivatives may be of help in the treatment of such fluconazole resistant strain. Here, we report a case of interdigital space infection (between 4th and 5th digits) due to C. albicans in a 41 year old African man.

 

Key words: Candida albicans, E-test, interdigital, African, superficial.