African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5090

Full Length Research Paper

Biosorption of fireworks pollutants by indigenous soil fungi from Sivakasi, India

Neethimohan Malaieswari
  • Neethimohan Malaieswari
  • Department of Microbial Technology, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, TamilNadu, India.
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Subramanian Mugesh
  • Subramanian Mugesh
  • Department of Microbial Technology, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, TamilNadu, India.
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Ponnan Arumugam
  • Ponnan Arumugam
  • Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641 046, TamilNadu, India.
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Maruthamuthu Murugan
  • Maruthamuthu Murugan
  • Department of Microbial Technology, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, TamilNadu, India.
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  •  Received: 14 December 2015
  •  Accepted: 15 March 2016
  •  Published: 28 June 2017

Abstract

Sivakasi a notable industrial town, which is known for its fireworks industries that accounts 70% of the country's yield. Besides largest production, release of the wide range of deleterious chemicals increases the concern about environmental conservation. Fungi are the eukaryotic organism which has enormous metabolite profile. These distinct features of fungi made excessive attention towards the mycoremediation. The present study was focused on mycoremediation of soil samples from the fields of nearby fireworks industries. Physico-chemical properties and biological parameters were analysed within 24 h of sample collection. Total of 20 fungi were isolated from the collected samples. Chemical contaminant degrading efficiency of the fungal isolates was screened on the soil waste agar medium. Among all the fungal isolates, four were shown to have positive results. The selective fungal isolates were evaluated for their heavy metal utilization and other pollutants degradation potential using atomic absorption spectroscopy.

Key words: Mycoremediation, pollutants, heavy metals, atomic absorption spectroscopy.

Abbreviation

AAS, Atomic absorption spectroscopy; Cr, chromium; Cu, copper; EC,  electrical conductivity; HNO3, nitric acid; Mn, manganese; Ni, nickel; PDA, potato dextrose agar; TDS, total dissolved solids.