Pestiviruses are known to exist in ruminants worldwide; however in Sudan, sparse work has been published. This study is aimed at investigating the existence of pestivirus, particularly bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in small ruminants in Sudan through the detection of its antibodies in sheep and goat sera. A total of 424 sheep and 209 goat sera were collected from different localities in Sudan representing north, east, west, central and southern parts of the country. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), seroprevalence of pestivirus in sheep was found to be 39.1% while in goats it was 14.8%, in sheep the highest percentage of positives (70.2) was found in Kassala and AlAzazi (47.6%) at the east then Darfur in the west (46.7). In goats highest seroprevalence (28.6) was detected in sera collected from Rabak at the center, then River Nile (23.5) in the northern part of the country. This is the first report on the detection of pestivirus antibodies in small ruminants in Sudan.
Key words: Pestivirus, antibodies, small ruminants, Sudan.
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