African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5131

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of coccidiosis and other gastointestinal nematode species in buffalo calves at Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan

Amjad Husain Mirani1, Muhammad Ghias uddin shah2, Khuda Bakhsh Mirbahar3, Muhammad Shuaib Khan4*, Ghulam Murtaza Lochi2, Imdad Ullah Khan4, Farooq Alam5, Syed Mubasher Hasan4 and Muhammad Tariq4
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of A.H. and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh, Agriculture University Tandojam Pakistan. 2Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of A.H. and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh, Agriculture University Tandojam Pakistan. 3Department of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of A.H. and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh, Agriculture University Tandojam Pakistan. 4Gomal College of Veterinary Sciences, Gomal University, D.I. Khan, Pakistan. 5UBL main branch, Area office D.I. Khan Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 19 July 2012
  •  Published: 30 August 2012

Abstract

A total of 1000 bovine feacal samples were randomly collected per-rectum from Hyderabad and its surrounding areas to determine the types and prevalence of coccidian parasites. Coccidian oocysts were found in 6.6% of all samples examined. Eimeria bovis66 (6.6%) was the most prevalent species in the buffalo calves. During the present investigation four species of nematodes were also identified. The species detected and their prevalence were Toxocara vitulorum 80 (8.0%), Hemonchus contortus 09 (0.9%), Strongyles 05 (0.5%) and Ostertagia ostertagai 04 (0.4%). The highest percentage of coccidiosis 9.36% was recorded from cattle colony Hyderabad and lowest 1.23% from Pusia village. Other species of gastrointestinal nematodes were also identified from the different localities of Hyderabad but it was concluded that E. bovis was the most prevalent species in the calves specifically at the areas of Hyderabad.

 

Key words: Prevalence, Coccidiosis, Eimeria, nematode, buffalo, calves, Sindh, Pakistan.