African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5093

Full Length Research Paper

Variables associated to anti-HIV, anti-rubella antibodies, syphilis reagins and enteroparasitosis in pregnant women

Graziela Vendrame Rodrigues
  • Graziela Vendrame Rodrigues
  • Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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Karoline Franciani Cardoso Lopes
  • Karoline Franciani Cardoso Lopes
  • Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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Isabel Cristina da Silva Caetano
  • Isabel Cristina da Silva Caetano
  • Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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Melissa Marchi Zaniolo
  • Melissa Marchi Zaniolo
  • Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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Francisco Hiroshi Matumoto
  • Francisco Hiroshi Matumoto
  • Clinical Laboratory, Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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Luiz Sérgio Merlini
  • Luiz Sérgio Merlini
  • Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes-Mori
  • Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes-Mori
  • Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, University of Philadelphia (UNIFIL), Londrina,
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Andréia Assunção Soares
  • Andréia Assunção Soares
  • Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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Ulisses de Pádua Pereira
  • Ulisses de Pádua Pereira
  • Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL), Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.
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Daniela Dib Gonçalves
  • Daniela Dib Gonçalves
  • Universidade Paranaense (UNIPAR), Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 30 March 2017
  •  Accepted: 20 July 2017
  •  Published: 28 August 2017

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to determine the prevalence of anti-HIV, anti-rubella antibodies, syphilis reagins and enteroparasitosis in pregnant women during their pre-natal monitoring at the Basic Health Units in the city of Umuarama (PR) and checking possible social-economic and behavioral associations. A cross-section study was performed in 690 pregnant women who went to have pre-natal checkup in the period from June 2012 to April 2014. From the 690 pregnant women analyzed, 78 presented enteroparasites, and from these, 69 were monoparasited and nine were polyparasited, nine presented antibodies against syphilis and two against HIV. None was reagent for IgM regarding rubella. The most prevalent parasite species was Endolimax nana 43/78 followed by Entamoeba coli 33/78 and Giardia duodenalis 05/78. Regarding the variables analyzed, the ones associated to enteroparasitary infections were water treated from public suppliers, fundamental level of schooling, sewage destination and public collection of garbage. For syphilis, the variables associated to infection were per capita income and age group. For HIV and rubella, no association among the variables was observed. The number of pregnant women infected in the present study was not considered high when compared to other studies.

Key words: Pregnant women, prevalence, prevention, public health.