African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5177

Short Communication

Screening of rural scavenging birds for the presence of detectible protective Newcastle disease antibodies in some selected rural communities of Plateau State

Anthony N. Egbuji
  • Anthony N. Egbuji
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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John O. Ibu
  • John O. Ibu
  • University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
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Ismali A. Shittu
  • Ismali A. Shittu
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Echeonwu, G. O. N.
  • Echeonwu, G. O. N.
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Enura L. Uwanibe
  • Enura L. Uwanibe
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Dauda Bwala
  • Dauda Bwala
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Joshine Kiagama
  • Joshine Kiagama
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Evelyn Dung
  • Evelyn Dung
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Davou Nyam
  • Davou Nyam
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Chinemerem Obene
  • Chinemerem Obene
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Adamu Kwanga
  • Adamu Kwanga
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Fatima Mukaila
  • Fatima Mukaila
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Haruna Dagwong
  • Haruna Dagwong
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Sati Lokason
  • Sati Lokason
  • National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Nicodemus Useh
  • Nicodemus Useh
  • University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
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Jude Rabo
  • Jude Rabo
  • University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 16 November 2016
  •  Accepted: 11 January 2017
  •  Published: 07 October 2017

Abstract

A sero-prevalence study was conducted to determine the level of detectible protective antibody titre using the haemagglutination (HA) and haemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests. Serum samples were collected from four hundred and eighty seven unvaccinated rural scavenging chickens from five selected rural communities, including Du, Chaha, Chakarum, Chele and Ngo’hong in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau state. The result revealed a very low mean titre ≤2 log2, which explained the unusually high morbidity and mortality rate experienced during seasonal outbreaks. There is an urgent need to initiate control measures in rural areas through the establishment of a strategic vaccination programme against new castle disease outbreaks. This will reduce the incidence of the disease to a large extent.

Key word: Newcastle disease, detectible protective antibody, rural scavenging birds.