African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5090

Full Length Research Paper

Seroprevalence of Chikungunya during outbreak in Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2017

Or Rashid Md Haroon
  • Or Rashid Md Haroon
  • Nutrition and Clinical Service Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR'B), Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh.
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Md Monowar Hossen Patwary
  • Md Monowar Hossen Patwary
  • Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dhaka (DU), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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Syed Mohammed Faruk
  • Syed Mohammed Faruk
  • Department of Public Health and Informatics, Faculty of Preventive and Social Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh.
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Ahmed Imtiaz
  • Ahmed Imtiaz
  • Department of Dental Public Health, Dhaka Dental College, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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Avijit Loha
  • Avijit Loha
  • Department of Public Health and Informatics, Faculty of Preventive and Social Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh.
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Rahman Md. Zahedur
  • Rahman Md. Zahedur
  • Department of Medicine, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh.
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  •  Received: 31 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 16 November 2018
  •  Published: 07 December 2018

Abstract

Chikungunya (CHIK) infection is re-emergence public health problem globally including Bangladesh. It is an arthropod-borne disease, which is transmitted by mosquitoes bite. The virus was first isolated in Newala district of Tanzania in 1953. In 2017, an outbreak of Chikungunya, has struck Bangladesh’s capital, Dhaka. This study was conducted to know the seroprevalence, clinical presentations and seasonal trends of CHIK infection. This study was conducted in the Ibn Sina Diagnostic & Consultation Center, Uttara from January to November, 2017. Serum samples from about 1060 Chikungunya suspected cases were tested for immunoglobin M (IgM) and IgG antibodies by Immuno-Chromatographic test (ICT) method. Out of total tested cases, 524 (49.43%) were seropositive for Chikungunya, among the seropositive 379 (72.32%) were IgM positive, 98 (18.70%) were IgG positive and 47 (8.96%) were both IgM and IgG positive. The most affected age group was 11 to 40 years. Females were more affected than males. A high percentage of Chikungunya seropositive cases were found among suspected patients.

 

Key words: Chikungunya, IgM and IgG antibodies, seroprevalence, outbreak in Dhaka.