The problem of antibiotic resistance of uropathogens appears in Abobo municipality to be worsening because of the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. This study aims to assess the impact of drugs pressure on uropathogenic Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. strains isolated from patients attending Abobo-Avocatier Hospital. The study was conducted in patients suffering from urinary tract infection. Urine samples of patients were collected; culture and antibiogram using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method were performed. The overall prevalence was 31.1% with a significant difference between males and females (p = 0.01). The highest susceptible age group of patients to UTI was 21-45 years (33%). E. coli and Klebsiella spp were the predominant bacteria among isolated Gram negative. Up to 70% of the isolates of both uropathogens were resistant to Penicillins, Tetracyclines and Ampicillin-Sulbactam. Imipenem was the most active antibiotic on these uropathogens. Quinolones showed a better activity on Klebisiella spp. strains than those of E. coli. The high value of the Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Index and the rate of multi-resistance from this site suggest the need for continuous monitoring of antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacteria implicated in UTI prior to antibiotic prescription in order to ensure optimal and desired treatment.
Key words: Urinary tract infections, uropathogens, multidrug resistance, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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