African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4973

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis infections among school children in Danane, Western Côte D’Ivoire

Pulchérie Christiane Marie Kiki-Barro
  • Pulchérie Christiane Marie Kiki-Barro
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Abibatou Konaté
  • Abibatou Konaté
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Kondo Fulgence Kassi
  • Kondo Fulgence Kassi
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Kpongbo Etienne Angora
  • Kpongbo Etienne Angora
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Henriette Vanga-Bosson
  • Henriette Vanga-Bosson
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Vincent Djohan
  • Vincent Djohan
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh
  • Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Assohoun Jean Sebastien Miézan
  • Assohoun Jean Sebastien Miézan
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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William Yavo
  • William Yavo
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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Eby Ignace Hervé Menan
  • Eby Ignace Hervé Menan
  • Department of Parasitology, Mycology, Animal Biology and, Zoology, Felix Houphouët-Boigny University, BPV 34, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
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  •  Received: 10 November 2017
  •  Accepted: 02 September 2019
  •  Published: 30 September 2019

Abstract

Intestinal schistosomiasis is very common in children and cause significant morbidity. Danané is located in the west of the Côte d’Ivoire which is an area where intestinal schistosomiasis transmission is established. The Ministry of Health of Côte d'Ivoire which have acceded to the global goal of eliminating these diseases as a public health problem, has adopted a five year strategic plan in 2011. The mass drug administration campaigns are one of the key elements of this strategic plan. The present study therefore examined the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni among school children in Danané, Côte d’Ivoire. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in schools between November 2016 and February 2017. In total, 510 children, aged between 4 and 15, were included. Single stool samples from each child were collected and processed using the Kato-Katz method to diagnose schistosomiasis. Of the sample, 52 (10.2%; IC 95%: 7.9-13.1) were infected with S. mansoni, with intestinal schistosomiasis prevalence ranging from 3.3 to 26.7%, depending on the school. Possible associated factors were also examined, revealing that age over 9 years (p=0.015), living in urban areas (p=0.001), and the tendency to defecate outside at school (p<0.001) were factors that associated with intestinal schistosomiasis prevalence. In summary, this study has revealed that intestinal schistosomiasis is still moderately prevalent among school children in Danané, despite the national control program. Therefore, school-based interventions in urban areas that focus on prevention through education are recommended in this region.
 
Key words: Intestinal schistosomiasis, Schistosoma mansoni, children, schools, Côte d’Ivoire.