African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4992

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of culture media for selective enumeration of Bifidobacterium spp. in combination with different strains of Streptococcus thermophilus isolated from commercial yogurt starter cultures

Luciana Rodrigues Faleiro
  • Luciana Rodrigues Faleiro
  • Departamento de Alimentos, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Beatriz Silva Pereira
  • Beatriz Silva Pereira
  • Departamento de Alimentos, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Inayara Cristina Lacerda
  • Inayara Cristina Lacerda
  • Departamento de Alimentos, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Jacques Robert Nicoli
  • Jacques Robert Nicoli
  • Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas (ICB), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Tassia Costa Souza
  • Tassia Costa Souza
  • Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas (ICB), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Alvaro Cantini Nunes
  • Alvaro Cantini Nunes
  • Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas (ICB), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Luige Biciati Alvim
  • Luige Biciati Alvim
  • Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas (ICB), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Marcelo Resende de Souza
  • Marcelo Resende de Souza
  • Departamento de Tecnologia e Inspecao de Produtos de Origem Animal, Escola de Veterinaria, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Evelyn de Souza Oliveira*
  • Evelyn de Souza Oliveira*
  • Departamento de Alimentos, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
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  •  Received: 13 November 2014
  •  Accepted: 02 February 2015
  •  Published: 11 February 2015

Abstract

Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus are involved in the manufacture of yogurt, and Bifidobacterium spp. can be supplemented if probiotic properties are expected. In such products, enumeration of each bacterial component is a hard task since they have similar nutritional requirements. For this reason, there is still no official and reliable methodology for this purpose. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the most appropriate culture medium for the enumeration of four different Bifidobacterium species in the presence of S. thermophilus and L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus isolated from commercial cultures and investigate the influence of different strains of S. thermophilus on the choice of medium. Among 11 isolates of S. thermophilus obtained from these cultures, and which were submitted to repetitive element sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR), nine were found to be distinct strains. For selective enumeration of the Bifidobacterium species, results were influenced by the S. thermophilus strain used, but De Man, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) agar containing bile salts showed the best results for all of the Bifidobacterium species.

Key words: Bifidobacterium spp., Streptococcus thermophilus, culture media, selectivity.