African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5136

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of microbiological quality and drug resistance patterns of raw vegetables irrigated with Hasassa River, West Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Zerihun Belay
  • Zerihun Belay
  • Department of Applied Biology, School of Applied Natural Science, Adama Science and Technology University, P. O. Box 1888, Adama, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Edao Gelgelu
  • Edao Gelgelu
  • Department of Applied Biology, School of Applied Natural Science, Adama Science and Technology University, P. O. Box 1888, Adama, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Bayissa Chala
  • Bayissa Chala
  • Department of Applied Biology, School of Applied Natural Science, Adama Science and Technology University, P. O. Box 1888, Adama, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 30 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 07 October 2019
  •  Published: 30 September 2020


Adane E, Tsehayneh G (2017). Microbiological quality of fresh vegetables lettuce, cabbage and spinach) irrigated with wastewater released from Dashen brewery plant Gondar town, northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Innovative Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 5(9):1-11.


Ankita M, Akshay J, Dharmesh H (2014). Microbial Contamination of Raw Fruits and Vegetables. International Journal of Food Safety 16:26-28.


Biniam G, Mogessie A (2010). Microbial load, prevalence and antibiograms of salmonella and shigella in lettuce and green peppers. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences 20(1):43-47.


Cinzia C, Aurora A, Caterina M, Giuseppa O, Anna MD (2015). Assessment of the microbiological quality of fresh produce on sale in Sicily, Italy. Preliminary results. Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki 22(3):2-6.


Clinical and laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) (2013). Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. 



Daniele F, Maffei N, Ferraz DS, Maria D, Longo MC (2013). Microbiological quality of organic and conventional vegetables sold in Brazil. Food Control 29:226-230.


Desta W, Diriba M (2016). Bacteriological Contaminants of Some Fresh Vegetables irrigated with Awetu River in Jimma Town, Southwestern Ethiopia pp. 1-11.


Gilbert RJ, de Louvois J, Donovan T, Little C, Nye K, Ribeiro CD, Richards J, Roberts D, Bolton FJ (2000). Guidelines for the microbiological quality of some ready-to-eat foods sampled at the point of sale. PHLS Advisory Committee for Food and Dairy Products. Communicable Disease and Public Health 3(3):163-167.


Golly MK, Salifu PS, Mills-Robertson F (2016). Resistance of Bacteria Isolates from Cabbage (Brassica oleracea), Carrots (Daucus carota) and Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 5(4):297-303.


Halablab MA, Sheet IH, Holail HM (2011). Microbiological Quality of Raw Vegetables Grown in Beka Valley, Lebanon. American Journal of Food Technology 6:129-139.


Ikpeme E, Nfongeh J, Eja ME, Etim L, Enyi-Idoh K (2011). Antibiotic Susceptibility Profiles of Enteric Bacterial Isolates from Dumpsite utisols and Water Sources in a RuralCommunity in Cross River State, Southern Nigeria. Nature and Science 9(5):46-50.


Jung Y, Jang H, Matthews RK (2014). Effect of the food production chain from farm practices to vegetable processing on outbreak incidence. Microbial Biotechnology 7(6):517-527.


Keraita B, Konradsen F, Drechsel P, Abaidoo RC (2007). Reducing microbial contamination on wastewater-irrigated lettuce by cessation of irrigation before harvesting. Tropical medicine and International health 2:8-14.


Maria G (2013). Antibiotic resistance associated with bacteria in irrigation water: a case study of irrigation ponds in Southern Sweden. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology (until 121231) pp.1-35.


Munita JM, Arias CA (2016). Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance. Microbiology Spectrum 4(2):10.1128.


Nipa MN, Reaz MM, Hasan MM, Fakruddin MD (2011). Prevalence of multi drug resistant bacteria on raw salad vegetables sold in major markets of Chittagong City, Bangladesh. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 10:70-77.


Oladele OO, Olakunle O (2011). Microorganisms Associated with the Deterioration of Fresh Leafy Indian Spinach in Storage. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology 2(110):2157-7471.


Olsen JE, Brown DJ, Thomsen LE, Platt DJ, Chadfield MS (2004). Differences in the carriage and the ability to utilize the serotype associated virulence plasmid in strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium investigated by use of a self-transferable virulence plasmid, pOG669. Microbiology Pathogenesis 36:337-347.


Oluyege JO, Oluwaniyi TT, Ijasan OC (2015). Composition of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria from Irrigated Vegetable Farmland. Journal of Microbiology Research 5(5):161-168.


Samuel JC, Mohammed CK, Joseph KK, Mark OA (2013). Microbial Contamination in Vegetables at the Farm Gate Due to Irrigation with Wastewater in the Tamale Metropolis of Northern Ghana. Journal of Environmental Protection 4:676-682.


Vaz-Moreira I, Nunes OC, Manaia CM (2014). Bacterial diversity and antibiotic resistance in water habitats: searching the links with the human microbiome. FEMS Microbiology Reviews 38(4):761-778.