African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5128

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and factors associated with Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonisation in orthopaedic patients at a tertiary care hospital in Kenya

David Githiomi Mwaura
  • David Githiomi Mwaura
  • Kitui County Hospital, Kitui, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Sitati Fred Chuma
  • Sitati Fred Chuma
  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Edward Gakuya
  • Edward Gakuya
  • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 22 February 2021
  •  Accepted: 20 April 2021
  •  Published: 30 June 2021

References

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Amir M, Paul J, Batchelor B, Kariuki S, Ojoo J, Waiyaki P (1995). Nasopharyngeal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and carriage of tetracycline-resistant strains associated with HIV-seropositivity. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 14(1):34-40.
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Chen A, Rao N, Wessel C (2013). Staphylococcus aureus Screening and Decolonization in Orthopaedic Surgery and Reduction of Surgical Site Infections. Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research 471:2383-2399.
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Clements A, Halton K, Graves N, Pettitt A, Morton A, Looke D (2008). Overcrowding and understaffing in modern health-care systems: key determinants in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus transmission. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 8(7):427-434.
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Egyir B, Larsen AR, Addo K, Newmann M, Guardabassi L (2018). Nasal carriage of staphylococcus aureus and methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among health workers and inpatients at korle bu teaching hospital in Ghana. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 87(5):25.

 
 

Immergluck L, Jain S, Ray S, Mayberry R, Satola S, Parker T (2017). Risk of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections among Children Found to be Staphylococcus aureus MRSA USA300 Carriers. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 18(2):201.
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Jeans E, Holleyman R, Tate D, Reed M, Malviya A (2018). Methicillin sensitive staphylococcus aureus screening and decolonisation in elective hip and knee arthroplasty. Journal of Infection 77(5):405-409.
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Joachim A, Moyo SJ, Nkinda L, Majigo M, Mbaga E, Mbembati N (2017). Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage on admission among patients attending regional hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Research Notes 10(1):1-7.
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Kalmeijer MD, Nieuwland-Bollen EV, Bogaers-Hofman D, Baere GAJ de, Kluytmans JAJW (2000). Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus: Is a Major Risk Factor for Surgical-Site Infections in Orthopedic Surgery. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 21(05):319-323.
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Kluytmans J, van Belkum A, Verbrugh H (1997). Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus: epidemiology, underlying mechanisms, and associated risks. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 10(3):505-520.
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Kolawole DO, Adeyanju A, Schaumburg F, Akinyoola AL, Lawal OO, Amusa YB (2013). Characterization of Colonizing Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Surgical Wards' Patients in a Nigerian University Hospital. PLoS One 8(7).
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Krejcie R, Morgan D (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement 30(3):607-610.
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Nelwan EJ, Sinto R, Subekti D, Adiwinata R, Waslia L, Loho T (2018). Screening of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among elective surgery patients in referral hospital in Indonesia. BMC Research Notes 11(1):1-5.
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Ning J, Wang J, Zhang S, Sha X (2020). Nasal colonization of Staphylococcus aureus and the risk of surgical site infection after spine surgery: a meta-analysis. The Spine Journal 20(3):448-456.
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Reighard A, Diekema D, Wibbenmeyer L, Ward M, Herwaldt L (2009). Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Colonization and Colonization or Infection at Other Body Sites in Patients on a Burn Trauma Unit. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 30(08):721-726.
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Schmidt A, Benard S, Cyr S (2015). Hospital Cost of Staphylococcal Infection after Cardiothoracic or Orthopedic Operations in France: A Retrospective Database Analysis. Surgical Infections 16(4):428-435.
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Sivaraman K, Venkataraman N, Cole AM (2009). Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage and its contributing factors. Future Microbiology 4(8):999-1008.
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Troillet N, Carmeli Y, Samore MH, Dakos J, Eichelberger K, DeGirolami PC (1998). Carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at hospital admission. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 19(3):181-185.
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US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). Specimen collection guidelines.

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