A concise series of aldehydes and ketones were reacted in a condensation reaction with 4-phenylthiosemicarbazide in order to assess the relative influence of the steric and electronic effects in the control of this reaction. While steric effects had a modest impact, electronic effects and in particular the mesomeric donating effect delivered by a phenyl ring produced a strong passivating influence on the reactivity of these aldones. Additionally, the cyclopropyl substituent totally passivated the reaction via the interfering factor of its inherent sigma-aromaticity. When reacted with cyclopropyl-phenylketone, under our standard conditions, 4-phenylthiosemicarbazide gave in 82%, an original 1, 4-dihydrotetrazine via a double consecutive self-condensation.
Key words: Thiosemicarbazone, electronic effect, steric effect, ion catalysis aniline, sigma, aromaticity.
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