African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Solid phase extraction and determination of Chromium species using multiwalled carbon nanotubes by solid phase extraction: Flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS)

  • Department Of Chemistry, Varamin (Pishva) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 08 March 2013
  •  Published: 30 April 2013


Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were used as absorbent for extraction of trivalent chromium (Cr(III)) and hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)), ions in the presence of diethyldithiocarbamate as a chelate by solid phase extraction method. A novel and selective method for the fast determination of trace amounts of chromium species in water samples has been developed. The procedure is based on the selective formation of chromium diethyldithiocarbamate complexes at different pH in the presence of Mn(II) as an enhancement agent of chromium signals followed by elution with organic eluents and determination by atomic absorption spectrometry. The maximum capacity of the employed disks was found to be 498 ± 3 µg and 487 ± 2 µg for Cr(III) and Cr(VI), respectively. The detection limit of the proposed method is 21 and 12 ng.L-1 for Cr(III) and Cr(VI), respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied for determination of chromium Species Cr(III) and Cr(VI) in different water samples.


Key words: Solid phase extraction, sodium diethyldithiocarbamate, flame atomic absorption spectrometry, Octadecyl silica membrane disk, multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs).