African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Extraction and separation of Ni(II) from by functionalized graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin (GO–H2NP) adsorbed on surfactant coated C18

Ali Moghimi1*, Mahdi Alijanianzadeh2 and Rezvan Pourahmad3
1Department of Chemistry, Varamin (Pishva) Branch, Islamic Azad University Varamin, Iran. 2School of Biological Sciences, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran. 3Department of Food Science and Technology, Varamin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 16 October 2013
  •  Published: 30 November 2013

Abstract

A novel, simple, sensitive and effective method has been developed for preconcentration of Ni (II) on functionalized Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin (GO–H2NP) solid-phase extraction adsorbent. The stability of a chemical (GO–H2NP), especially in concentrated hydrochloric acid, was then used as a recycling and pre-concentration reagent. The method is based on selective chelation of Ni(II) on surfactant coated C18, modified with functionalized GO with covalently linked porphyrin (GO–H2NP). The retained ions were then eluted with 4 ml of 4 M nitric acid and determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) at 283.3 nm for Ni. The influence of flow rates of sample and eluent solutions, pH, breakthrough volume, effect of foreign ions on chelation and recovery were investigated. 1.5 g of surfactant coated C18 adsorbs 40 mg of the functionalized Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin (GO–H2NP) base which in turn can retain 20.0 ± 0.9 mg of each of the two ions. The limit of detection (3σ) for Ni (II) was found to be 5.40 ngL-1. The enrichment factor for both ions is 100. The mentioned method was successfully applied on the determination of Ni in different water samples. The ions were also speciated by means of a three columns system.

Key words: Determination of Ni, pre-concentration, functionalized graphene oxide, covalently linked porphyrin (GO–H2NP), flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS).