African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Analysis of stability of naturally aged single base propellants

Halilović Namir
  • Halilović Namir
  • Ammunition Surveillance Laboratory, Armed Forces B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • Google Scholar
Kaučič-Škufca Mojca
  • Kaučič-Å kufca Mojca
  • Physical and Chemical Laboratory, Slovenian Army, Slovenia.
  • Google Scholar
Ademović Zahida
  • Ademović Zahida
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • Google Scholar
Bašić-Halilović Azra
  • BaÅ¡ić-Halilović Azra
  • Faculty of Pharmacy and Health, University of Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • Google Scholar
Omanović Rasim
  • Omanović Rasim
  • Department of Chemistry, Natural-Mathematic Faculty, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 11 December 2020
  •  Accepted: 08 February 2021
  •  Published: 31 March 2021


AOP SASN (2008). 48, Explosives, Nitrocellulosebased Propellants, Stability Test Procedures and Requirements Using Stabilizer Depletion


Bohn MA, Volk F (1987). Aging behavior of propellants investigated by heat generation, stabilizer consumption and molar mass degradation. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 17(4):171-178.


Bohn MA (2011). Generic formulation of performance assessment quanti-ties for stability, compatibility and ageing of energetic materials. Paper on the 14th International Seminar NTREM (New Trends in Research of Energetic Materials). April 13 -15. Pardubice. Czech Republic.


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De Klerk WPC (2015). Assessment of stability of propellants and safe lifetimes. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 40(3):388-393.


Halilović N, Bašić-Halilović A, Hadžić R, Malešević I, Starčević D, Jurčević M (2019). Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Diphenylamine and N-nitrosodiphenylamine Using High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography Method. LOJ Medical Science 3(4):292-300.


Halilović N, Kaučič-Škufca M, Ademović Z (2020). Determination of stabilizer content in naturally aged single base propellants. New Trends in Research of Energetic Materials, Czech Republic 23:446-453.


Heil M, Hickmann J, Mueller C (2019). Thermal characterization of naturally aged propellants. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 44(6):687-695.


Jelisavac LJ, Bobic N, Stojiljković S, Dimić M, Brzić S, Terzić S (2014). Аnalysis of the aging process of double-base propellants without an organic stabilizer. Scientific Technical Review 64(3):3-9.


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Lindblom T (2002). Reactions in stabilizer and between stabilizer and nitrocellulose in propellants. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 27(4):197-208.


Lurie BA (1995). Chemical processes typical for nitro esters in propellants. In 10th International Symposium on Chemical Problems Connected with the Stability of Explosives, Margretetorp, Sweden.


Lussier LS, Gagnon H, Bohn MA (2000). On the chemical reactions of DPA and its derivatives with NO2 at normal storage temperature condition. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics 25(3):117-125.


Lopez Lopez M, Bravo JC, Garcia-Ruiz C, Torre M (2013). Diphenylamine and derivatives as predictors of gunpowder age by means of HPLC and statistical models. Talanta 103:214-220.


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Rat M, Guillaume P, Wilkner S, Pantel G (1997). Practical application of microcalorimetry to the stability studies of propellants. In Proc. Workshop Microcalorimetry Energ. Mater.


Sućeska M, Bakija S, Kodvanj J, Matečić Mušanić S, Fiamengo I, Bakić A (2010). Study of mechanical properties of naturally aged double base rocket propellants. Central European Journal of Energetic Materials 7(1):47-60.


STANAG 4620 (2007). Explosives, NC based propellants, stability test procedures and requirements using stabilizer depletion - Implementation of AOP-48, NATO Military agency for standardization (MAS), Brussels. 


STANAG 4556 (1999). Explosives: vacuum stability test, Brussels: North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Military Agency for Standardization.



STANAG N (2004). 4582, Explosives, NC based propellants, stability test procedure and requirements using HFC, NATO Military agency for standardization (MAS), Brussels.


Trache D, Tarchoun AF (2018). Stabilizers for nitrate ester-based energetic materials and their mechanism of action: a state-of-the-art review. Journal of Materials Science 53(1):100-123.


Vogelsanger B (2004). Chemical stability, Compatibility and shelf life of explosives. Chimia International Journal for Chemistry 58(6):401-408.