African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 362

Full Length Research Paper

Isolation and characterisation of chemical compounds from the plants, Phytolacca octandra (L.), Phytolacca dodecandra (L'Herit) and Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) commonly used to control schistosomiasis transmitting snails in Kenya

Kariuki S. T.
  • Kariuki S. T.
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Kariuki J. M.
  • Kariuki J. M.
  • Department of Environmental Studies and Resources Development, Chuka University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Mailu B. M.
  • Mailu B. M.
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Muchiri D. R.
  • Muchiri D. R.
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 17 January 2018
  •  Accepted: 15 May 2018
  •  Published: 30 June 2018


Bruun B, Aagaard-Hansen J (2008). The social context of schistosomiasis and its control: An introduction and annotated bibliography. WHO: Switzerland.


Chauhan S, Singh A (2014). Eco-friendly management of harmful snail population using Alstonia scholaris. Journal of Biology and Earth Sciences 4(1):B66-B71.


Engels D, Chitsulo L, Montresor A, Savioli L (2002). The global epidemiological situation of schistosomiasis and new approaches to control and research. Acta Tropica 82:139-146.


Harborne JB (1984). Phytochemical methods, a guide to modern techniques to plant analysis. Chapman and Hall.


Jenkins-Holick DS, Kaul TL (2013). Schistosomiasis. Urologie Nursing 35(4):163-170.


McCollough FS, Gayral P, Duncan J, Christie JD (1980). Molluscicides in Schistosomiasis control. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 58(5):681-689.


Oliveira-Filho EC, Paumgartten FJR (2000). Toxicity of Euphorbia milii Latex and Niclosamide to Snails and Nontarget Aquatic Species. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 46:342-350.


Singh SK, Yadav RP, Singh A (2010). Molluscicides from some common medicinal plants of eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Journal of Applied Toxicology 30:1-7.


Steinmann P, Keiser J, Bos R, Tanner M, Utzinger J (2006). Schistosomiasis and water resources development: systematic review, meta-analysis, and estimates of people at risk. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 6:411-425.


Thiilborg ST, Chistensen SB, Cornett C, Olsen CE, Lemmich E (1993). Molluscicidal saponins from Phytolocca dodecandra. Phytochemistry 32:1167-1171.


Treyvaud V, Marston A, Dyatmiko W, Hostettmann K (2000). Molluscicidal saponins from phytolacca Icosandra. Phytochemistry 55:603-609.


World Health Organisation (2016). Shistosomiasis. Retrieved from 

View on 25th August 2016.


Yadav RP, Singh A (2011). Efficacy of Euphorbia hirta latex as plant derived molluscicides against freshwater snails. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo 53(2).


Yadav RP, Singh A (2014). Effects of Single, Binary and Tertiary Combinations with Jatropha Gossypifolia And Other Plant-Derived Molluscicides on Reproduction and Survival of the Snail Lymnaea acuminata. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo 56(5):421-426.