African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Quantification of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn from sewage sludge by modified-BCR and ultrasound assisted-modified BCR sequential extraction methods

Sylvia Gwebu
  • Sylvia Gwebu
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied and Computer Sciences, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag x 021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900, South Africa.
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Nikita T. Tavengwa
  • Nikita T. Tavengwa
  • Molecular Sciences Institute, School of Chemistry, University of Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa.
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Michael J. Klink
  • Michael J. Klink
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied and Computer Sciences, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag x 021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900, South Africa.
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Fanyana M. Mtunzi
  • Fanyana M. Mtunzi
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied and Computer Sciences, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag x 021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900, South Africa.
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Sekomeng J. Modise
  • Sekomeng J. Modise
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied and Computer Sciences, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag x 021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900, South Africa.
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Vusumzi E. Pakade
  • Vusumzi E. Pakade
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied and Computer Sciences, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag x 021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900, South Africa.
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  •  Received: 25 November 2016
  •  Accepted: 23 January 2017
  •  Published: 28 February 2017

How to cite this article

APA /
Gwebu, S., Tavengwa, N. T., Klink, M. J., Mtunzi, F. M., Modise, S. J. & Pakade, V. E. (2017). Quantification of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn from sewage sludge by modified-BCR and ultrasound assisted-modified BCR sequential extraction methods. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 11(2), 9-18.
Chicago /
Sylvia Gwebu, Nikita T. Tavengwa, Michael J. Klink, Fanyana M. Mtunzi, Sekomeng J. Modise and Vusumzi E. Pakade. "Quantification of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn from sewage sludge by modified-BCR and ultrasound assisted-modified BCR sequential extraction methods." African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 11, no. 2 (2017): 9-18.
MLA /
Sylvia Gwebu, et al. "Quantification of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn from sewage sludge by modified-BCR and ultrasound assisted-modified BCR sequential extraction methods." African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 11.2 (2017): 9-18.